Unconscious, self-consciousness, consciousness - Methodological...

Unconsciousness, self-awareness, consciousness

The unconscious is the unconscious manifestations of the mental activity of animals and humans. Such manifestations include unconditioned reflexes, instincts, automated actions and patterns of behavior, involuntary movements and cravings, internalized stereotypes and mental attitudes, feelings and attitudes that are not controlled by consciousness, subthreshold effects on the senses.

The individual unconscious is objectified in reservations, forebodings, illuminations, clairvoyance, intuition, fantasies, drives, inclinations, dreams.

The collective unconscious is objectified in archetypes, customs, traditions, rituals, art, way of life and culture.

Through objectification, the unconscious is transformed into conscious phenomena of a person's mental activity. Based on the analysis of the history of psychology, it can be argued that the category unconscious was and is central to the theory of psychoanalysis. In addition,

psychoanalytic practice is aimed at objectifying the phenomena of the unconscious of a particular client, which has a psychotherapeutic function.

Self-awareness is a phenomenon of self-knowledge, the result of which is the self-concept, taking the form of a generalized image of "I". It contains an idea of ​​the essence of oneself as a person - subject, individual, personality and individuality. Image I Is an ideological phenomenon that determines the ideology of the individual's life. Self-consciousness of the person contains the quintessence of the person's ideas about himself, awareness of his own states and experiences, possibilities and boundaries. It contains an understanding of the goals and meaning of their existence, which predetermines the strategy and tactical behavior of a person as a subject of social interaction. On the other hand, self-awareness has an internal focus, expressed in maintaining the integrity and coherence of the subjective world of man. In psychological practice, the client's intrapersonal conflict, connected with the mismatch of various components of the self-concept, is one of the most frequent reasons for seeking help and the main subject for analysis in many practice-oriented theories.

Consciousness is the reflecting instance of a person's mental activity, which predetermines a conceptual and semantic reflection by a person of the external world and its relations with it, mediated by sign systems, communication and activity. The main feature of human consciousness is its closest connection with speech, figuratively one can say that consciousness is doomed. Indeed, in the process of reflection, every realized phenomenon is designated in speech form, i.e. he is given importance. Also, no one can remain indifferent to what they are aware of; and in this connection, to the facts of being a relation is formed in man, synthesized in the sense of each phenomenon. In domestic psychology, the concept of "personal meaning", formulated by AN Leontiev, is well known. In the personal sense is reflected "value for me"; every phenomenon of reality, colored by the experience of the subject. Images of perception, memory, ideas, meanings and meanings add up to the picture of the world as the main phenomenon of consciousness. The world picture and its elements world outlook, attitude and attitude should be consistent, tk. they are those filters by which a person sifts or, conversely, "assigns" information, evaluates it as acceptable or negative. For example, consciousness clarifies or obscures the need and the possibility of manifesting oneself in specific conditions of social interaction: thus, comprehension of the contradictions between the proper and the possibilities psychologically justifies many failures of individuals.

These three categories - consciousness, unconsciousness, self-consciousness - determine the subject of psychological cognition in the most generalized concepts of a person's mental organization.

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