A Functionalist Point of view On Prison Sociology Essay

Choose a interpersonal organization (i. e. family, education, faith, prison, economy, media) and explain it using the three major sociological perspectives

Functionalist Perspective

Conflict Perspective

Interactionist Perspective

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Abstract

The social institution that I decided is prison; I find the prison system because I wanted to observe how prisoners have emerged by society and why corresponding to these three major perspectives.

Functionalist Point of view -

Functionalists such as Charles Darwin and Emile Durkheim view contemporary society as a system of highly interrelated constructions or parts that operate harmoniously. (Tischler, pg. 21)

The functionalist, interactionists they way more are subjective to the areas of social life, rather than the objective structural aspects of sociable systems. The interactionists, is shifted from steady norms and ideals, and toward regularly readjusting the interpersonal process.

Conflict theorists, on the other hands, such as Karl Marx and David Hume, view world as constantly changing in response to cultural inequality and social discord. (Tischler, pg. 21)

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Crime-Functionalist Theory

Functionalists think that crime and deviance are inescapable and necessary for a society. Crime shows other person in the society what is right and incorrect. Social consensus decides how right and incorrect is determined. Offense can result in communal change, say the functionalists, because the lifetime of crime proves to the people in population that the government does not excessively control the residents. Offense can also help the current economic climate of a culture by creating careers for law enforcement officials, psychiatrists, probation officers and so on. Even in the functionalist population, too much crime can be bad for the group, causing it to reduce the standard tranquility and eventually triggering the contemporary society to collapse. (www. criminology. fsu. edu)

Crime-Conflict Theory

How conflict theorists see crime, and the regulations regulating them, are products of a struggle for ability and control. According to the turmoil theorist, a go for few powerful individuals and categories make the laws and regulations, and those laws are enforced to outlaw any action that threatens their hobbies. The poor and powerless are more likely to be caught and convicted for serious offences such as rape and murder, than the more powerful and rich. The criminal offenses rate among the poor is very high due to a lack of opportunities that were meant to enhance the economical position and living conditions. The indegent also lack education, skills, and a solid support system that is necessary for individuals to become productive, valued participants of contemporary society (www. unc. edu). )

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Symbolic Interactionist Theory

Sociology has another theory that could also explain race relations according to prominent and subordinate groups like whites and blacks in America is the Symbolic Interactionist theory. This theory centers about how we "learn conceptions and meanings of racial and ethnic distinctions through interactions with others and exactly how meanings, product labels, and definitions affect racial and ethnic teams" (Mooney 176). One example the author uses is simply the difference in terms that use the term white and dark and the difference in the connotations of these terms. For instance, typically words that contain the word dark are negative, such as blacklist, blackball, and dark sheep. Studies clearly still illustrate that whites are seen as more sensible, harder working and much more self-supporting than blacks. This labeling helps lead to the very thoughts we have about minorities, which helps perpetuate their subordinate place in society.

In addition, there are extensive ways to start to try to level the performing field. Reforms like affirmative action seem to be always a start in the right course but are not strong enough, particularly since white women more than anyone else reap the benefits of affirmative action. It seems that a more genuine approach might maintain the regions of real estate and living income. To essentially help the problem, people need to be able to live. They want places to live on they can afford, that aren't in already crime-ridden neighborhoods. People have to be able to make enough money to reside easily, so providing a full time income income as well as health insurance to all workers will be a start. Great reforms also need to be made in neuro-scientific education. No Child LEFT OUT is nowhere next to enough. Accountability is great, but schools need the resources to teach kids and become held in charge of their learning.

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It may be that the complete aspect of college funding must be completely overhauled, so that whatever someone's property tax platform is, their children get a quality education. People need to essentially take a look at institutionalized discrimination, such as the ones that are still around in the housing marketplace and things like racial profiling. You will find no easy answers to these problems, but they are not simply the problems of black people; these are societal problems. Progress has certainly been made, but in outlawing techniques like Jim Crow laws and regulations, discrimination has become more covert than ever before. Outlawing discriminatory practices did not end those procedures. Outlawing them performed inform people eventually that those techniques were socially unacceptable.

However, many people simply became smarter about concealing their prejudices under other disguises. We have to dig deeper to clear society of these fundamental ideas about race. We have to instruct people about the truths of white privilege and make attempts to undo the long-lasting effects. (Moore, 2008)

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Conclusion

In my bottom line, I have to agree with the symbolic Interactionist theory to look at society as it really is and not how exactly we want it to be. If we look at society how it truly is then in support of then can we start changing the way we all view each other.

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