Family benefits themselves
They are directed as targeted assistance to families with dependent children, large families and incomplete families, where the overwhelming majority of the child is brought up by a woman. Special types of assistance for families in special situations (children with disabilities), families in a particular period of the year (allowance at the beginning of the school year) should also be included.
1. Types of social assistance for families with babies. Since the early 1980s, these benefits are constantly increasing. This is due to the fact that there is an increase in the number of working women (over 90% of women in France are professionally active). They are designed to remove the difficulties and limitations associated with the notion of a free choice between professional activity and family life. An important reform came into force on 1 January 2004 through the creation of a manual on the preparation for the birth of a child. This innovation is disclosed as follows: the cash payment at birth (or adoption), which is calculated on the seventh month of pregnancy, in the amount of 863.79 euros as of January 1, 2008, is multiples of the number of children that should appear (twins, triplets or more) that allows you to pay the first costs associated with the birth of a child.
Even though this benefit depends on family income, 90% of French families receive it.
The allowance is paid for adopted children or children who are taken into the family for the purpose of subsequent adoption. The amount of payment in 2008 amounted to 1,727.59 euros.
The amount of the basic benefit in 2008 was 172.77 euros per month. It is paid from the month of birth of the child to the month preceding the age of three years. In case of adoption, the basic allowance is paid starting from the month of arrival in the family or the adoption of the child for 36 consecutive months before reaching the age of 20.
If one of the parents stops working for the upbringing of the child (or reduces his professional activity), he can open the right to additional benefits.
As of December 31, 2008 In the event of a complete termination of employment, the benefit is 363.27 euros per month, and 536.03 euros per month, if the person does not receive a basic benefit.
In the case of a reduction in work activity, the following is paid:
• 234.83 euros per month for working hours less than or equal to half the working time;
• 135.46 euros per month for the duration of work, calculated on the time between 50 and 80%.
Duration. If there is one dependent child, the payments are made for a maximum period of six months, starting with the birth or completion of the maternity leave (for the mother or the father of the child), sick leave or adoption leave.
In the case of two or more children who are dependent, payments are made up to the month preceding the age of three years of the youngest child, if the conditions of entitlement are respected.
Optional optional free-choice allowance - is a benefit that is higher than the optional free-choice allowance in full, paid for a shorter period.
There are two conditions for the payment of this type of benefits:
1) it is accrued after the termination of employment, if there are at least three children, one of whom was born or was adopted after July 1, 2006;
2) the choice between benefits is final. For example, you can not waive the optional extras for the free choice of activity in order to qualify for an additional allowance for the free choice of activity in full or in part for the same child.
Size and duration. Payments can be made even during the maximum period of 12 months, counting from the moment of the birth of the child or his adoption.
If there are insurance benefits, accrued to "podiam (on the birth of a child for the mother, on the care of the child for the father, on sickness), and if all the conditions are met, it is possible to open the right to receive benefits starting from the last month of receipt of these insurance benefits and the maximum term up to the month preceding the one-year birth or adoption.
The amount of such benefits as of January 1, 2008, excluding the basic benefit, was 766.53 euros per month, taking into account the basic allowance of 593.77 euros per month.
2. Types of social assistance to families where the number of children increases. Despite the fact that families with three or more children represent no more than 1/5 of all families, they receive cash aid allocated to children, amounting to 43%. As a rule, such families belong to social categories with modest incomes, but their budget substantially increases depending on the number of children. That is why the French system allocates to them (including housing subsidies) about 46% of the total amount of all benefits.
Family benefits. These benefits are paid regardless of income, they vary according to the number of children. Families with one child are not eligible to receive them (nevertheless, 1/3 of families with one child receive other benefits, namely those where the income condition applies).
The amount of family benefits as of January 1, 2008 was:
• 120.32 euros per month for two children;
• 274.46 euros per month for three children;
• 154.15 euros per month for every following child. At the same time, the size of family benefits increases as children grow older.
Families with children whose eleventh birthday falls on a date later than April 30, 2008, after reaching 14 years, will be paid once for family benefits amounting to 59.57 euros.
Additional family benefits. These payments of 157.38 euros per month in 2008 are added to the actual family benefits paid to families with three children and more after the payment of childbirth allowance or adoption of an infant.
This benefit depends on the income level (knowing that the net income taxed is most often taken into account). Thus, about 83% of interested families receive additional family benefits.
Pension insurance for non-working parents who raised children. Large families receive payment benefits that allow cash desks for family benefits to pay membership fees for a non-working parent so that he has the right to retire in the future, as if he worked.
3. Benefits for single-parent families. They are justified by the fact that these families (in most cases single women) have incomes below the average level and they had a complex divorce process accompanied by unscrupulous payments of alimony.
Family Support Manual. This is a "long-term help" families with one parent. Subject to separate residence, but regardless of income, this benefit is added to other existing ones and is provided to either widows or widowers or a person who is dependent on a child abandoned by both parents or one of the parents.
As of January 1, 2008, the allowance was 112.80 euros for one child deprived of both parents, or 84.60 euros for a child deprived of one of the parents.
Support for recovery of alimony. The alimony accountant (most often the mother) can subrogate or authorize the representatives of the family benefit fund to help her collect unpaid alimony. These latter have access to bank cards to facilitate the fulfillment of their tasks.
Allowance for single parents (AP1). This is the first social minimum, which was considered the direction of social security, dealing with family problems. The first payments to single parents were made in 1976.
As of December 31, 2006, 217,500 people received the AP15 benefit. It allows to provide in the form of differentiated payments the minimum income for single parents before the child reaches the age of three or within one year.
It should be noted that the minimum is provided during pregnancy. The maximum monthly payments as of January 1, 2008 were as follows:
• a pregnant woman without children - 566.78 euros per month;
• a parent with one child - 755.72 euros per month;
• In addition, for each child - 188.93 euros per month. 4. Other types of assistance. First of all, consider special cases.
Disabled child: allowance for disabled children (LEAN). The most common condition is a permanent disability of the child, equal to 80%. It can be considered between 50 and 80% if the child visits a specialized institution, or if his condition requires special education or home care.
The amount of basic assistance for this benefit is 120.92 euros per month as of January 1, 2008.1
This subsidy is increased by an additional allowance (there are six), which varies depending on the specific costs incurred because of the parent's need to discontinue professional activities or third parties for assistance. The amount of the additional benefit is in the range from 90.69 to 1018.91 euros per month.
It is the Commission for the Rights and Independence of Persons with Disabilities of the Department who assesses the state of the child or adolescent and decides on the payment of this benefit and the probable additional benefit for a renewable period of at least one year or a maximum of five years (except for worsening incapacity).
Sick child: temporary disability allowance for parents caring for sick children. This manual helps the parent who has to completely or partially stop working in the case of a child who is seriously ill, injured or accidentally disabled.
The amount of benefits for temporary disability, which is calculated from the number of missed days per month (limit 22 days) will be paid on a monthly basis in the form of parental leave, caring for sick children. The amount for one day as of January 1, 2008 is 39.97 euros for a married couple and 47.49 euro for a single parent.
If there are additional health costs, an additional benefit of € 102.23 per month can be paid under certain conditions: 310 days for temporary incapacity for work can be paid to the interested parent within three years.>
Allowance for the beginning of the school year (ARS). It is issued depending on income, in order to help realize the costs of preparing a child for the school year. This applies to children aged 6 to 18 years.
The size of the ARS for the child-schoolchild by the beginning of the academic year in 2008 was 272.59 euros. A smaller allowance can be given to families whose incomes are slightly higher than the ceiling.
In addition, if the income declaration was previously correctly filled out - and, assuming that there is a right to benefit - the cash benefit center automatically pays the allowance to the beginning of the school year, without any petition of the person.
Finally, for young people from 16 to 18 years old, the allowance allocated for the beginning of the school year is paid on the basis of a certificate of the child's school attendance or training.
Individual housing subsidies
They are intended for persons who pay for hiring a house or pay a loan for the property considered as their main place of residence.
These allowances are often modified depending on families and, in particular, on income. It is clear that the lower the income level, the more dependent children, the more significant the housing costs, the greater the chances of obtaining a housing subsidy.
Thus, most of the beneficiaries receive this subsidy in parallel with other payments. One tenant of two and one in five who takes possession of the property receives this benefit.
Housing must have minimal conditions of comfort, hygiene and occupancy rates.
Loans to improve the home and allowances for moving to large families supplement the operative part of the resolution on housing subsidies.
There are three types of housing subsidies: personal housing allowance (APL), family allowance (ALF), and social housing allowance (ALS).
Personal Housing Allowance is for any person:
• which is the employer of new or old housing, which is the subject of an agreement between the owner and the state, which also establishes a deterioration in the condition of the housing, lease term, living conditions and comfort rates;
• which enters into the ownership rights of the property, or already the owner who entered into a PAS loan, a housing allowance (PAP) or a loan included in the social security system (PC), for acquisition new or old housing, with or without improvement, increase or improvement of housing.
The family allowance for housing relates to persons who are not covered by the issuance of a personal allowance for housing and who:
• Have children (born or born) or some other dependent person;
• represent a married couple who married less than five years ago, whose marriage took place before the age of 40 by each of the spouses.
The social allowance for housing payment is intended for those who can not use either a personal allowance or a family payment for housing. Most of the conditions for acquiring rights on this benefit are identical for these three types of subsidies.
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