An examination of the Feminism Theory

Belief in the public, political and monetary equality of the sexes, the motion organized for this notion. Feminist theory is an outgrowth of the overall movement to empower women worldwide. Feminism can be defined as a recognition and critique of male supremacy combined with effort to improve it. Simply expressing: Feminist battles for the equality of women and claim that women should reveal similarly in society's opportunities and scare resources.

Goals of Feminism:

To demonstrate the importance of women.

To disclose that historically women have been subordinate to men.

To lead to gender equity.

Historical Perspective:

"Three Waves" of Feminism

First Wave (19th through early 20th centuries).

Second Influx (1960s-1980s).

Third Influx (1990's-Present)

First Wave Feminism:

First-wave feminism refers to an interval of feminist activity during the nineteenth century and early on twentieth century. It focused primarily on increasing the right of women's suffrage. The word, "first-wave, " was coined retrospectively after the term second-wave feminism began to be utilized to describe a newer feminist movement that focused the maximum amount of on fighting interpersonal and cultural inequalities as further political inequalities.

Second Wave Feminism:

The "second-wave" of the Women's Motion began through the early 1960s and lasted throughout the later 1970s. Whereas first-wave feminism concentrated mainly on overturning legal (de jure) hurdles to equality (i. e. voting rights, property privileges), second-wave feminism tackled a wide range of issues, including unofficial (de facto) inequalities, standard legal inequalities, sexuality, family, the place of work, and, perhaps most controversially, reproductive protection under the law.

Third Wave Feminism:

Third-wave feminism began in the early 1990s, arising as a reply to recognized failures of the second influx. and also as a response to the backlash against initiatives and activities created by the next wave. Feminist market leaders rooted in the second influx like Gloria Anzaldua, bell hooks, Chela Sandoval, Cherrie Moraga, Audre Lorde, Maxine Hong Kingston, and a great many other feminists of color, wanted to negotiate a space within feminist thought for awareness of race-related subjectivities.

Types of Feminism:

Liberal Feminism:

All people are created equal and should not be refused equality of opportunity because of gender.

Liberal Feminists concentrate their attempts on sociable change through the structure of legislation and legislation of employment methods.

Inequality stems from the denial of equivalent rights.

The major obstacle to equality is sexism.

Marxist Feminism:

Division of labor is related to gender role objectives.

Females give beginning. Males left to support family



Radical Feminism:

Male power and privilege is the foundation of social relations.

Sexism is the ultimate tool employed by men to keep women oppressed.

Women will be the first oppressed group.

Women's oppression is the most widespread.

Women's oppression is the deepest.

Socialist Feminism:

Views women's oppression as stemming of their work in the family and the market.

Women's substandard position is the result of class-based capitalism.

Socialist thinks that record can be made in the private sphere (home) not merely the general public sphere (work).

Feminism and the Press:

The media have played an important role in the dilution of feminist goals and ideals. They often ignore, trivialize, or belittle the key points of feminism. The multimedia utilizes several techniques or strategies that donate to the negative representations of women and feminism, which can be also harming to the central goals of feminism. Women are often represented as erotic spectacles, as being "on screen" for men. Patriarchal world dictates that ladies be built as an subject for the "gaze" of the male spectator. Women sit as the unaggressive object of the male "gaze, " as opposed to the subject matter in mainstream marketing and come to internalize this view (Dow, 1999; 1997; Wahers, 1992).

Wahers (1992) identifies the "male gaze" as the thought of men determining the precise vantage point of press depictions of women, as occupying a privileged space in the process-of getting in touch with "ways of seeing. " Ways of seeing remains an important word for feminist cultural theorists who contend that ladies are forced to recognize themselves within in a visual society made for male pleasure (Walters, 1999; 1992).

Wolf (1992) suggests that women's endeavors at achieving equality are adversely influenced by images of women portrayed as gender objects. She discusses the concept of the "beauty misconception, " which identifies how women's societal worthy of is based on physical appearance and youthful beauty. Walters argues that "objectification of women is no 'added-on' attraction, but instead endemic to the very composition of image-making" (Walters, 1999, p. 235). This is exemplified in multimedia advertisements where women are generally represented in what Wahers (1999) conditions a "fragmented" way. Women are often signified by their specific body parts; their lips, legs, hair, eye, etc. , rather than being displayed as a significant "whole" or subject matter. In advertising women are urged to think about their body as "things" or "parts" that need to be shaped and shaped into a male conception of feminine efficiency. The fragmentation of the female body into body parts that ladies should then "improve" often brings about women having self-hating interactions with their bodies.

Media Feminism in Pakistan:

"Muslim women form a highly diverse and complex group and assumptions about them are often ill-conceived, miss-informed and grossly miss-represented. This is reflected in images of these, specifically in the Western, as oppressed, powerless and victimized. The voices of Muslim women, trying to keep their spiritual identity in European contexts, are critically under-represented within academic research. "

In modern times there has been an increasing curiosity about Islamic culture as a fundamentalist and sensationalist phenomenon. Media coverage and European scholarship often views Muslim women as an oppressed mute victim and 'asserts or implies that Islam itself oppresses women'. Islamic Feminism and Its

Role in Theatre is a report produced to counter behave the portrayal of Muslim women by the advertising.

Feminists and Muslim women activists have wanted to determine the cause of discrimination against women by analyzing the consequences on Muslim women of patriarchy, kinship and norms within Muslim and non-Muslim societies.

6 Overall developments in the printed material concentrate on colonialism, Orientals and the press as the reason for discrimination contrary to the Muslim woman's personality. An extensive analysis of the research literature has failed to identify how Muslim women filmmakers stand for Muslim women and whether they support feminist plan.

Critical Evaluation: Movie Name: "Dragon Seed" (1944)

Dragon Seed is co-directed by Harold S. Bucquet and Jack Conway. It received two Academy Award Nominations for Best Supporting Celebrity, Aline MacMahon, as well as for Best (Black-and-White) Cinematography, Sidney Wagner. The freewheeling storyline has a heroic young Chinese feminist female, Jade (Katharine Hepburn), who runs dressed as a man to lead her fellow peaceful farmer villagers within an uprising against japan invaders.

It opens in the planting season of 1937 with patriarch Ling Tan (Walter Huston) and his family planting rice in the valley of Ling, China. The farmers are worried about the recent Japanese invasion of the north, and take out their anger on Wu Lien--as an angry student mob insists that he stop advertising Japanese merchandise if not. When he refuses their demands, they ruin his store.

Soon following the farmers see Japanese airplanes bombing the close by city. The pacifist Ling is surprised by the harm, but along with Lao San and eldest child Lao Ta (Robert Bice) decide to remain on their farm regardless of the anticipated potential issues of a Japanese invasion. While Lao Er and Jade join a level of resistance group of refugees in the hillsides. Upon their departure the Japanese Army gets control the valley, and Lao Ta's wife Orchid is raped and wiped out by the invading soldiers, who also eliminate Wu Lien's older mother. Ling and his wife continue to be secure as they go into hiding. This cruelty drives the remaining sons of Ling to join the resistance.

In the final outcome, Ling must admit that he must kill his land so that he can sacrifice his present gains to guarantee the future of his grandson. When Jade and hubby rejoin the level of resistance fighters in the hillsides to ensure a free of charge China, they leave their boy the, "seed of the dragon, " in the attention of his loving grandparents.

The story of the movie showed that how the brave women problems and fight because of their country, she looks as a caring mom, a caring and trustworthy wife and a true patriot. The movie implies that how the heroic young Chinese girl leads her fellow villagers in an uprising against Japanese Invaders. This movie truly reveal the feminism theory.

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