Deontological aspects of social work
6.1. The concept of deontology and its essence.
6.2. Debt as the main category of deontology.
6.3. Development of the content of moral debt in a historical context.
6.4. Representations about the sources of moral debt.
6.5. The moral duty of man to himself.
6.6. The problem of hypertrophy owes.
6.7. Responsibility as a category of deontology. Forms of experiencing responsibility.
6.8. Representations of a person's personal responsibility.
6.9. Before whom and for what is the person responsible?
6.10. Education and development of responsibility.
6.11. Responsibility and freedom.
6.12. Responsibility as a constituent principle of social work.
6.13. The duty and responsibility of the social worker to society and the state.
6.14. The duty and responsibility of the social worker to the profession.
6.15. The duty and responsibility of the social worker to colleagues.
6.16. Debt and responsibility of the social worker to the client.
Portfolio for independent work.
Development of skills in the value-ethical self-assessment and self-control of students, readiness to carry out their activities with the awareness of professional responsibility and duty.
As a result of studying this chapter, the student must:
• the main deontological categories of the ethics of social work;
• the main types of professional interactions in the "person-environment" system;
• features of relations in social work arising in the course of professional activity;
be able to
explain and distinguish the concepts of "professional duties", "professional responsibility", "professional duty";
• recognize and isolate the deontological aspects of processes, situations;
• Ethical evaluation of the professional work of a social worker;
• independent work when carrying out assignments to consolidate the training material.
DUTIES - the range of actions assigned to a person and unconditional to perform.
DEBT is a manifestation of the need to fulfill one's moral obligations, to obey a will more significant than my own.
IMPERATIVE ( imperativus - imperative) is an absolute requirement, a command.
RESPONSIBILITY is the correspondence of the moral activity of a specialist to his duty, viewed from the point of view of human capabilities.
DEONTOLOGY - ( deonthos - necessary, proper, logos - word, teaching) section of ethics in which problems are considered debt and due.DEONTOLOGY OF SOCIAL WORK - a set of norms on the professional duty and responsibility of the social worker to society and the state, to social work as a profession and social institution, to colleagues and clients of the social service.
The concept of deontology and its essence
Deontology is a section of ethics that addresses the problems of debt and the due. This term was introduced in the XVIII century. Jeremiah Bentham (1748-1832) - British philosopher, sociologist, lawyer, the most prominent representative of utilitarianism. Utilitarianism (from Latin - benefit, benefit) - a direction in ethics that recognizes the benefit or benefit of the criterion of morality. Utilitarianism became widespread in Great Britain at the end of the XVIII-XIX centuries. The ethical teaching of Bentham is set forth in the work "Deontology, or the science of morality" (v. 1-2, 1834).
Initially, Bentham put into this concept a rather narrow religious and moral content, referring to the debt and duties of the believer before God, religion, religious community, and then used it to refer to the theory of morality in general. Soon the concept of "deontology began to be used somewhat in a different sense - as a term denoting the proper conduct, actions and actions of an individual person or specialist, and not just a believer in relation to his religious duties. And the doctrine of deontology began to differ from axiology - the doctrine of moral values. Thus, deontology has become a section of ethics, which addresses the problems of debt and due. These sections of ethical knowledge exist not only in theoretical ethics, but also occupy an important place in any professional ethics. In this sense, deontology can be identified as a relatively independent section in the ethics of social work.
The concept of deontology already concepts professional ethics & quot ;. If ethics reveals the essence of professional duty, then deontology reveals the specifics of its implementation in specific types of relationships. Professional activity is not limited to mechanical fulfillment of professional duties. Obligations should become a moral duty, a professional must fulfill them by inner conviction.
With the formation of deontology, ethics from the morality of virtuous behavior became a morality of the norm, since the norm fixes the due in certain maxims, rules. Thus, in the history of ethics, one more step was taken from the morality of certain moral qualities to a morality based on the law.
In deontological ethics, the problems of debt are considered, it explains the nature of the action, since this is precisely what is important for determining its moral status. It encourages us to reflect on the action itself, without paying special attention to the consequences of the (T. Tõncio). As a concept, deontology develops an "ideal type" debt, more or less correlated with the reality of presence and duty actually present in the culture.Deontology of social work - is a set of rules on the professional duty and responsibility of the social worker to society and the state, to social work as a profession and social institution, to colleagues and clients of social services. < center>