Factor influencing intimate harassment in the malaysian workplace

Sexual harassment is a universal problem in all over the world. Most of the erotic harassment happen in traditional western country but it is also happen in Asian country such as Malaysia. In Malaysia, intimate harassment occurred at workplace and is also target on female staff by their male acquaintances. There was getting ultimately more articles, report and news reveal those female employees are put through sexual harassment nowadays. In additional in yr 2000 onwards the numbers of female staff member start growing and joining male oriented job such as executive, drugs and management. From the rise of female worker in all types of business the management and policymakers consider that intimate harassment is vital for girl.

Slowly, when the female worker faced sexual harassment and the situation getting serious, immediately the Code of Practice on the Protection and Eradication of Sexual Harassment officially kick off by Malaysian administration in 1999. Workshop taking effort by attracting out guidelines to avoid incidences of sexual harassment. New amendment and guidelines are added by federal through its Ministry of RECRUITING. For good examples, the Employment Take action 1955 makes the intimate harassment officials compulsory to research any allegations of erotic harassment. Thus the rules of intimate harassment for civil service employees have also been issued and offering guidance for the victim and punishing the perpetrator if sexual harassment occurred. Every females worker have the right to free from a unsolicited harassment environment and atmosphere to avoid reduce the morale, output and quality of workers.

The research on erotic harassment show that women and men can be sufferer but men frequently pose as harassers and women pose as victim in sexual harassment. Even the challenge existed for most decades but the research begin in late 1970. Now studies focus on the result of the organization and individual. In the business, women with lower job got harassment than ladies in high job so this make those ladies in low job make excuses to take leave to avoid harassment. For the average person, the victim can be emotional stress and all of this can bring effect on motivation, effectiveness at the job and breaking family romantic relationship. In the natural attraction of human and the men behavior implies that men has more powerful and aggressive gender drives than women so that intimate harassment in work environment is an extension of real human sexuality. Furthermore men with dominant power usually exploit their power to approach women in addition women will often have less ability and control than men in work area.

There are four factors model influencing intimate harassment in Malaysia and because from it is cover with interpersonal cultural, organizational and individual causes so that it is more thorough and realistic. Thus the sociable cultural considerate the three main ethic group which is Malay, Chinese, Indian and other Malaysian employee. Furthermore the level of sensitivity level of intimate harassment towards complete females is different. In workplace woman can involve themselves in erotic harassment about how they dress themselves. However the dressing types will vary because of the spiritual and culture between Malay and non Malay. For Malays they wear 'tudung' with long dress but non Malay favor american fashion. Besides, that love-making ratio, sexist attitudes and available workspace easy to occur intimate harassment.

The first factor risk is inspiration which means that the victim could possibly be the motivator of the harasser. Furthermore, if the victim physical attractive attract that could be the drive to encourage the harasser. In additional, the male fellow workers may got action or set up unwanted sexual focus on female staff member. The hypothesized show that female works who wear more attractive will easily get intimate harassment than the feminine staff member that wears less attractive.

Factor two is the overcoming inside inhibitions against harassment. The harasser morality and sympathy is very important in this factor because if the harasser do not feel his action towards the sufferer are sympathy, incorrect and immoral it'll increase the cases of intimate harassment. There for feminine staff will experience some offensive jokes and unwanted intimate attention from the patterns of harasser.

Third factor is overcoming external inhibitions against harassment. Thus there are five working environment could contribute to sexual harassment. Including the privacy of office usually happened because in private workspace that cannot be witness by outsider. The hypothesized shows females that work in available workspace has lower chances encounter with erotic harassment compare to females that work in a private workspace. Furthermore, understanding of grievance treatment so that females staff member can do their grievance towards harassment and with this kind of system harasser will be punished and prevent harasser. Besides, that sexist frame of mind is an extremely valid problem and reported in sexual harassment because females that wear actually captivating easy be targeted as gender thing by male's worker. Other than that an unprofessional working environment bring u a vulgarism, alcoholic beverages consumption, disrespect among employees, and employees involve in non-work activities climate while u working and it'll bring u intimate harassment. The hypothesized show that women that work in professional workplace suffer less sexual harassment than females that work in unprofessional work place that suffer from serious erotic harassment. The ultimate is skewed gender ratios that mean males workers are numerous than females staff member and it is unbalanced. The hypothesized reveal that if the guys employees more than females staff member, the chance for females to come across intimate harassment is higher than a balance proportion worker.

The previous factor is overcoming victim resistance. The avoidance and ability to identify the behavior of your harasser toward the victim and the parameters relates to the jobs status and sex functions of the victim. The hypothesized footwear those women employees who keep lower position and vitality will experience erotic harassment than women that hold higher position in a corporation. Women that resist or not being cooperative will talk with danger from male employees that maintain higher position.

Sexual harassment occurred in Malaysian office is triggers by few factor and the factor has been confirm and the prediction is quite accurate. For the reason that intimate harassment occurs is the training background of feminine worker, unprofessional working environment, and sexist of male worker. The females dressing could be the key factor cause intimate harassment. All of this factors will interrupt with company progress. For examples, the relationship among worker, team spirit and cooperative of employees. Beside that that it will show up a unequal electric power between guys and female staff. Finally one group should consider the risk or women staff by placing some guidelines and rules. For instances, proper dress for females, available space office for women and tighten up the self-control among employees.


This has trained me more in depth about intimate harassment in sociable psychology and i want to more respect feminine. The intimate harassment occurred in Malaysian workplace is too serious and endanger the moral and living design of a lady. Furthermore women who experience it'll mentally suffer. Therefore, prevent is better than cure.

The description of hypothesized is the argument and investigation of any cause and effect. For examples, smoker gets shorter living life when compared to a non cigarette smoker because smoking is harmful to health. From journal show that if women that wear more appealing will experiences intimate harassment than women that wear less attractive. Eventually the dependent variable will be how the females dress themselves and the independent is the intimate harassment. The idea I use because of this journal about erotic harassment is self-fulfilling prophecy. This is of self-fulfilling prophecy is your expectation toward a person and how u treats them to guage that your expectation is true or fake. For examples, you expect that man will be every nice person so u a snacks him very friendly at the same time he snacks u the same manner, eventually your judgment come true. But in this journal the theory is, if a guy judge that if a girl wear more attractive, they will evaluate them as an extremely available minded and easy to handle women so they'll make some erotic intention towards the female.

Finally all this hypothesized and theory is linking to social psychology because all the factors and good examples is effect and the cause happened among cultural cultural and individuals behavior around us. This task is very challenging and i want to think out of the box.

Also We Can Offer!

Other services that we offer

If you don’t see the necessary subject, paper type, or topic in our list of available services and examples, don’t worry! We have a number of other academic disciplines to suit the needs of anyone who visits this website looking for help.

How to ...

We made your life easier with putting together a big number of articles and guidelines on how to plan and write different types of assignments (Essay, Research Paper, Dissertation etc)