Today, in our world one of the primary issues which have risen amongst health care activist in america is how health disparity and inequality has affected rural areas and culture. However, it's important to keep in the back of our minds that this is no problem that only is out there in the U. S. , it is an internationally concern. Health disparity is taking an in depth go through the differences in health status between different communal groups, gender, competition, ethnicity, education, income, impairment, and sexual orientation. While on the other hands, health inequalities is taking a look at the unjust and unfair treatment one gets for their socioeconomic position and demographic area where these are part of. Having such several difference in health inequality and disparity is what also plays a part in america ranking in the bottom of industrialized american nations when it comes to life expectancy rate, and baby mortality rate. Finding ways to close the gap between life expectancy from one race to the other may greatly contribute in making the U. S rank as one of the top nations in the european area of the world.
One of my significant reasons for selecting this subject matter was because I needed to take an in depth look over research and studies to discover why health inequality and disparity still is accessible in a great and abundant country like america. Moreover, my second point in selecting this research matter was to discover how there may be equality amidst people residing in metropolitan and rural areas in the U. S. when it comes to the area of health care. Even though through the years they have been great advancements and small changes; there continues to be more work to be done to make health and equality for any.
Health should be a right for all, and not a privilege based on whether one lives in a rural or urban area, or whatever socioeconomic position they could have. You need to get the protection under the law to really have the same privileges. One of the huge differences when looking at health disparity is life span time between white, dark, and African males, and dark-colored, white, and African American females. For example, the life expectancy for the average white male is 76. 7 years old while on the other hands for an DARK-COLORED male the common age of life span is 67. 8 years old. Comparing both ages there's a difference of 8. 9 years between a Caucasian, and an DARK-COLORED male. After considering the difference you can ask themselves these questions: they are all American why can one race live much longer than the other? This is a question I have asked myself before, however taking this course through the semester helped me to understand why. Baer mentions, "African Us citizens experience about 67, 000 more deaths than they might experienced their mortality rates been a lot like whites. " "This translates into 2. 2 million more many years of life lost. " Among the main known reasons for this is that most Caucasian males are in an urban area with good jobs, good earnings, good health insurance, and usage of good doctors, while on the other hands, an DARK-COLORED male residing in a rural area doesn't have access to health insurance, does not have a good job, or doesn't have access to a family group doctor. This might lead to a lot of stress to an individual which may cause different diseases such as persistent cardiovascular disease, hypertension-which may lead to stroke, heart attack, and renal failure. This in turn can lead to premature death of an African American male. These email address details are the same for females also. As mentioned by, "premature mortality (75 years) is greater rural residents than among urban residents, and rural-urban mortality differences vary by age group. "
Premature fatality and mortality is one of the key issues when looking at health insurance and inequality in the United States. Nevertheless, another subject to closely examine is how health insurance and diseases aren't distributed fairly. Those who reside in rural areas will get a disease than person who lives in an metropolitan area. This also contributes to the sort of health individuals gets. For instance, diseases like tuberculosis would be common in a rural area as a result of life style you can live, the sort of income they could earn, and the health care they might be receive could be totally different than the main one they get in the metropolitan area. According to, (levy and Sidel) "The cause of many diseases are complex interplay of multiple factors, a lot of which are credited to sociable injustice. " For instance, Caucasians acquire more attention and attention when they visit a doctor which might lead to a wide variety of issues. However, the one which sticks out the most is basically because the colour of the individual's pores and skin, he/she may be looked at in a different way, or not given the same attention a Caucasian would have received.
The subject of disparity and inequality does not only stop with parents, it also extends to down to children. Unfortunately it is a topic that influences all age ranges from newborns to adulthood. In some instances there have been findings that whenever it comes to certain diseases and long-term hospitalization, newborns whom their parents are of different sociable class or competition are treated diversely and are cared about in different ways than kids that are Caucasian, or not minorities. While doing my research for this project I had been amused to learn the inequality and disparity comes down to this level that even infants are cared for differently because they participate in a certain minority group. As I have stressed out in my paper and continue to do so, I must say i believe everyone should have equal usage of health care irrespective of their differences. In another of my articles it requires and comprehensive check out how children's asthma hospitalization and cities in Texas are different. Grineski mentions, "It speaks about how exactly poor children are dispropriately affected as they have higher asthma prevalence rates (and even more servere asthma) than non poor children. " I found this to be always a very interesting discovering that areas where poor children and non- poor children were living would influence their health. This could be because of several reasons, for just one it could be because of the demographic area or the kind of housing conditions in which these infants live in. All these factors could play a major part in contributing to the studies that kids in rural areas are usually more possible to get Asthma.
However, there's also many other factors that also contribute to health disparities. A couple of socioeconomic factors that include the individual's competition, ethnicity, the kind of education they may have, and the kind of income they earn on a yearly basis that also contribute to the individual's health. As mentioned previously, the individual's health may allow him/her to receive a new treatment from another specific whom is of another type of race. For example, John, an BLACK male, would go to see his doctor because he has been hacking and coughing for weekly and wants to get checked out. Instead of offering John all different tests, the physician would just give him treatments and simply tell him he just has a chilly or flu, yet if it is a white guy they would probably give him a thorough check up to see what was really wrong with the average person, and then give see your face the required medication they want.
Also, ethnicity brings an additional dimension to health disparity. As stated earlier, when it comes to healthcare for minorities they often have a harder time getting the type of care they want, especially ones that are in the rural areas. Baer mentions that, "Health disparity research shows that ethnic minority groups like African People in the usa, Latinos, and Local Americans go through a triple burden in seeking healthcare: 1. They can be significantly less more likely to have medical health insurance than whites, therefore accessing health care is a major challenge, and while adequate acute good care is hard enough to come by, preventive attention is all but impossible for individuals who are insured"
The kind of education one has also contributed to the space between health inequalities between individuals. The greater education you have the longer they live, and the healthier life style they have got. This is largely because of the fact that the bigger education you have the bigger income one may get, and the better education you can get the more likely the individual may have a good job with great security which really helps to provide financially for their people. The less education they have the less they can earn, the greater stressful the job can be, and the less job security they have got in order to provide for their own families. Also, a lot more education you have more educated you feel about living a healthier life style. For example, eating healthier by getting good nutrition and a possessing a good diet is sensible, but in order to live this type of life style one must be able to afford it which will not allowed everyone in america to have this opportunity. Kaplan states, "On this view, we can understand why managing for the SES and education reduces the health disparities between blacks and white People in the usa but does not eliminate them. " "Because dark-colored People in the usa are also systematically disadvantaged with esteem SES and education and because SES and education are associated with health outcomes in the United States. "
Another determent that also brings an issue to health inequality and disparity is the environment one lives in. The environment we live in plays a huge role on the sort of diseases we get and develop. Plus, the area one lives takes on a major part in the type of health care one receives. For instance, one moving into a rural area might not exactly have access to a hospital, or the right doctor they may need to help them give them the right attention they need to live a healthier life style. An additional thing that takes on a job on the type of health we get from the environment could be the type of water one has access to. The type of normal water people in rural areas may use may have things in it that aren't healthy for you to drink and may cause different sorts of stomach infections or belly problems. The type of food individuals enter the supermarket maybe not be as healthy as the ones individuals from urban areas may get. Some food may contain much more fat and glucose, than those they have got in the grocery store in metropolitan American cities countrywide. Relating to McElory and Townsend, "That changes in the different parts of their model (e. g. new subsistence patterns) can cause in balances in the other components ( e. g. new subsistence strategies can result in exposure to new risk ), and a very severe imbalance to create stress and disease. " As the above mentioned quote points out, health inequality and disparity can be a big part of the sort of environment one lives in. After selecting this matter I wanted to personally drive through the urban and rural regions of Fort Wayne and compare the differences. Hartley mentions, "Traditional concerns as to access to main and hospital continue steadily to dominate rural health insurance plan. " WHEN I drove through town I detected a few things. One observation was that there were barely any clinics in the rural area. I found a couple of treatment centers but all the major nursing homes, and big health facilities were found in the urban areas. For me, this is an enormous downside for someone moving into a rural area in Fort Wayne. One more thing I observed within my drive was that there are far more liquor stores located down south. For example, you can lower a block and you could see 3 or 4 liquor stores by the time I was done driving a vehicle through the block. On the other hand, up in the urban areas there are liquor stores but not as many as the ones I came across within the rural areas. One more thing I also discovered while I was doing my observation was that the cities are well taken care of. The streets are clean, properties were properly done, and highways were done properly without dirt on the streets. Yet in the rural areas the opposite was true. There were several buildings that were left unfinished; highways weren't as clean, housing areas were not as properly done as those people done in urban areas in Fort Wayne. They are several inequalities I noticed by myself. It had been a firsthand experience, and I was very shocked to discover that such things are going on inside our on back yard here in Fort Wayne. I believe for us to address this issue as a region we must first focus in our own cities and towns and then work our way up.
Individuals in rural areas have been familiar with receive unfair health care attention that individuals that live urban areas in america are used to recieving. As stated earlier in my own paper this not only a problem in america but a challenge that is effecting an incredible number of other continents throughout the world. Joyce and Bambra state that, "Despite overall advancements in health final results because the second world battle, health inequalities between your best and most detrimental of culture are consistent in developed nations and in a few occasionally are continue steadily to widen"
As a community how can we addresses health inequality and disparity inside our communities to help this stigma escape? Studies have definitely shown that they are minor improvements which may have taken place over time, but never the less, as a community we've a whole lot of work to be achieved. Hartley mentions, " Recent tendencies in rural health research and plan shows that effective plan interventions must be based on distinctions among rural locations. "When arguing for progressive rhetoric for rural American, "rickets noted that Urban-Rural evaluations. " One of the first things I think we need to do as a community is first make an effort to improve our rural areas. The next step I believe we should do as a country is have a common health care program in place where everyone can have insurance for each and every citizen in the United States. In making health insurance accessible to every one in america any person will be able to receive the health care they need. Yet another thing we as a community should do in order to handle health inequality and disparity is to have more nursing homes in the rural areas and not just in the urban areas. We need to have nursing homes and treatment centers more accessible to them. So if they need to see the doctor they don't need to produce a fifteen to twenty minute drive they can own it right in their community.
I firmly believe education is the main element to removing health inequality and disparity from our areas. The better we educate people that are of a different race, socioeconomic position, and ethnicity, the greater satisfactory a person recognizes about how to reside in a healthy life-style and eat properly. We need to get them to exercise more in order to live healthier, and also educate them about the consequences of smoking and what it triggers. For instance, have health reasonable programs that will inform them how smoking can cause lung cancers, and many other serious diseases, and also better educate them how drugs and writing needles can affect one's life-style and cause many diseases such as HIV-which is a very serious epidemic that is getting rid of millions of individuals in our world today. Also having different organizations that are pro-health that could go into the several rural areas and talk and mentor individuals on what they can do to live on a good and healthier life would be a great advantage in educating individuals.
Another method for us to bring the gap as it pertains to health insurance and inequality is to generate more jobs for folks, in order that they will be able to work and support their own families. In doing this it will provide them with something to stress less about, which in turn will help individuals to be stress free. As mentioned earlier in my own paper, stress causes a lot of medical issues which can lead to different cardiovascular heart problems, effect once growth, diabetes, and hypertension which are various disease one can get from living a wholesome life-style. So ideally creating more jobs in rural neighborhoods may be able to generate a less stressful lifestyle for individuals.
Improving the surroundings are also ways in which we can talk about health disparity inside our communities and country. For all of us to take the next step where we can beat health disparity and inequality is to clean in the rural areas. They should be washed up, they should also get access to clean water to drink, and tap water should be sterilized to certain benchmarks to meet up with the States restrictions. Also fountains and lakes should be checked and retained clean, having clean normal water is important in other for mosquitoes and other parasites never to take over rural communities. Not having each one of these necessary steps considered people in rural areas may have quick access to malaria and other diseases which may greatly have an impact on their community.
Doing away with most the liquor stores in rural areas will also help to bring inequality to your neighborhoods, because having liquor in rural areas in my opinion just helps to demolish the individuals in these areas. Drinking may also contribute too many other diseases that may cause premature death in a single area. Another product that people can do away with is creating awareness about drinks and get them off the pavements. In getting both drugs and alcohol from the rural areas we can only just hope that we can try to obtain the rural areas to be almost equal to urban areas although one which will never be easy to do.
In doing the following we can trust that health inequality and disparity in rural areas can be upgraded to met the benchmarks that urban areas have. The U. S is such a rich region that they should not be anything such as health inequality and disparity between different areas in the. From my research I do however believe that there is hope for the near future. Changes are been made however, we just have to put our variations aside in other for us to reach the stage where health is identical and open to everyone no matter how much income they make, the quantity of education they have got, or the color of the skin they must have access to it.
Overall, I learned a great deal of out of this task I gained a great deal of knowledge from it. I became alert to things that we was not recently unaware of in the past. I never viewed health as inequality and disparity; I somewhat looked at it from another type of prospective but in doing this project it made me understand what this means when one mentions america healthcare system has inequality and disparity in its system. From carrying out this task I also gained passion for this subject matter and later on I'd like to volunteer, or be health activists, because as repeated previously in my newspaper I really believe health services should be offered to everyone.
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