How Culture Affects Identity

Keywords: culture effect identity, id culture relationship

Culture can be defined as the increasing deposit of knowledge, material objects, values, religious beliefs, notions of their time, attitudes, hierarchies, concepts of the universe, spatial relations, tasks, and beliefs and belongings gained by an organization of folks in the path of decades through specific and group striving (Poyatos, 2002). Culture may also be referred to as communication and the vise versa. This is because culture is symbolic of communication. A few of these icons include knowledge, a group's skills, attitudes, motives and prices. Culture can even be defined as the total of all the learned habits of a group that are commonly considered to be the custom of a specific group of individuals and are conveyed from generation to generation. Id can be explained as a set of personal or behavioral characteristics by which an individual can be associated with a certain group. Identification also refers to the condition of an individual having some specific qualities which identify him with a specific group of men and women or things. The blend of these two nouns (culture and individuality) gives climb to cultural personality which refers to the sense of belongingness to a specific group or culture.

From an individual view, culture refers to the way (aspects) of a person's life. These areas of life include terms which is one of the oldest medium of expression in the human organization, arts and sciences which will be the forms of human expression most refined and advanced and thought which can be defined as the methodologies where an individual perceives, interprets, and knows the world around him. Addititionally there is spirituality which really is a value system handed down through generations for the intended purpose of health in humans. It is portrayed through actions, language and public activities that happen to be recognized to be the shared quest within any particular cultural community.

All cultures or public organizations have severe measurements exactly like physical proportions of length, height, width, time and level. The cultural measurements may vary matching to size, permeate the whole or by classification one cannot "see" a dimensions of culture or contemporary society just the way we see an individual person however each individual manifests each one of the five measurements of culture. Hofstede developed five dimensions that are scored in 53 countries basing on indices of every dimension. These proportions are namely electric power distance (hierarchy), femininity versus masculinity, collectivism versus individualism, doubt avoidance, and long term versus short term orientation (Hofstede, Pedersen& Hofstede, 2002). (PD) Ability distance identifies the level to which less powerful associates desires respects and allows unequal power circulation within a particular culture. Matching to Hofstede, high PD countries have a tendency to maintain centralized political power and screen large hierarchies in organizations with massive variations in salary and cultural position. Subordinates always understand the supervisor as a benevolent dictator and they are therefore likely to follow the rules just as they are stipulated. The reduced PD countries understand subordinates and supervisors as closer to being identical and easily interchangeable (Marcus & Gould, 2000). They also have more flattened hierarchies in organizations and with less difference in salaries and communal position. In these low PD countries, equality is normally desired and expected.

As a citizen of USA my country has an up-to-date PDI of 40 in comparison to the world's range of 55 (Marcus & Gould, 2000). I support this low PDI because in my own American culture there is better equality between your societal levels, authorities establishments, organizations and within people. My American ethnic environment is stable and there is cooperative discussion in all power levels. I practice American culture and id and it's for this reason that I can say my culture has sense of equality. For instance instructors, students (children) and parents understand the other person as equals however, not necessarily equivalent. The students and professors relate well. Privately, I associate well with my lecturers and nothing of us feels like he/she has electricity over me as his student. In work places, people keep different position but irrespective of this many perceive each other as brothers and it is therefore difficult to find some work related humanitarian crises. Individualism in culture refers to "loose ties". This mans that a person is likely to take care of himself, his immediate family and nobody else. Collectivism on the other palm means that individuals are incorporated alongside one another by labor and birth into cohesive, strong groups that become protection in trade for unquestionable commitment.

According to Hofspede, individualistic civilizations value liberty, personal time and extrinsic motivators like material rewards at work (Marcus & Gould, 2000). In these individualistic ethnicities, individual socio-economic interests are highly appreciated and strong rights of privateness are maintained. Generally it advocates for the ideologies based on self-actualization, self authorities, do it yourself realization and flexibility. Alternatively collectivist value skills, training, physical conditions and the intrinsic rewards predicated on mastery. In relationships to family they value harmony, silence, use of shame in the success of behavioral goals and the strife to maintain face. The socio- economic interests are highly respected rather than individuals.

According to the American culture which is also my ethnic identity, we choose situations whereby there is self sustenance. For example personally I like attending to my issues in my way since that's what my parents have educated me. If I am in need, I really believe I should talk to my parents, siblings before going to the exterior world. I also make an effort to realize my goals using my very own version without interference. This trend is quite typical in the American culture. That is well supported by the studies of Hofstede which show that in the year 2009 the United States possessed an IDV of 91 the highest dimension compared to the other countries (Marcus & Gould, 2000). This means that the contemporary society has high individualistic attitude and comparative loose relationship with others. Therefore, the contemporary society is more self dependent and can be involved only for themselves and their close family. Masculinity and femininity identifies the gender tasks in a specific culture. Typically the masculine tasks were predicated on assertiveness, toughness and competition as the feminine tasks were predicated on tenderness, orientation to people, home and children. These traditional gender distinctions are almost breaking because of the collapse of female roles. The traditional masculine work goals included identification, earnings, task and advancement. The traditional female work goals included good relations, work security and good living and working conditions.

As an American upholding the American culture, I've realized a lot of women styles are changing since they are pursuing certifications and diplomas to find yourself in white-color jobs unlike in the early times when females used to stay at home caring for children. Many females have taken careers such as executive, medical and coaching jobs which used to participate in men. Regarding to Hofstede, in the entire year 2009 the MAS for America was 68 meaning the united states experiences a higher amount of gender differentiation roles (Marcus & Gould, 2000). Which means that the female human population is more assertive and competitive exactly like men. Doubt avoidance dimension handles the society's tolerance as it pertains to ambiguity and uncertainty. It depicts how users in a world have attempted to cope with the stress and anxiety through the minimization of uncertainties. Inside the civilizations of high uncertainty avoidance people always favor formally designed activities and explicit guidelines. You'll also find that the majority of the employees tend to retain their employers (Amanda. com 1). In low doubt avoidance ethnicities, people always like implicit rules and more informal activities. Again, employees cannot maintain their employers. In my own American culture rules are very versatile and it accommodates diverse ideologies. For example there are extensive religions unlike in other countries like Islamic where only 1 religious beliefs is tolerated.

My American culture has few rules and it doesn't do much to control all effects and results. It also tolerates a number of ideas feels and thoughts. The long-term versus short term orientation refers to the society's time horizon. In addition, it examines the value of the future compared to the present and former. In my own American culture I believe I believe that I'll meet my commitments and I also consider the American society will always meet its obligation no matter the hardships and inconveniences we will experience. Also, I appreciate my American custom which is characterized by a lot of hard work in order to attain something important in life. Culture and identification positively influences the partnership between me and my parents because we hardly ever have any conflicts. This is because I know very well what my parents advocated for since my years as a child (family traditions) which makes it easier for all of us to have interaction without much issues arising.

Culture and personal information has had a negative impact between my children people and me because some cultural aspects are continuously changing however they aren't adapting to these changes. For example the American culture has shunned the original segregation that been around between the dark and the white People in america but my parents do not always welcome the idea of the association between these too American cultural groups. This means that I am not always permitted to bring tourists from another type of ethnicity. Again my culture doesn't allow visitors to attend cathedral without formal dressings. This has caused a negative impact on the relationship between me my parents and the church. Due to changing methods of dressing I find the ethnical church dressing code not entertaining while at the other hands the church market leaders are against the new means of dressing in the cathedral. Our culture advocates for good mannerisms at institution failure to which is put through parental punishment. It has fostered a positive interpersonal romantic relationship between my peer group, educators and me. This is because I am aware of the protection under the law and the incorrect and therefore I stay away from conflicts resulting from disobedience or arrogance towards my peers. My American ethnical identity in addition has helped me in developing positive personal relations with the encompassing people and communities. It is because it advocates for brotherhood and I therefore make an effort to be careful when socializing with people in order to avoid conflicts. As a result, many people locally find me as their good friend who they can count on and therefore good interpersonal relations.

Due to my ethnic identity I have singularly and collectively experienced many problems in the American population. One obstacle is that of continual identities in form of biracial perceptions. It is because many people keep on asking me about my competition because my bodily appearance doesn't suggest it. Ethnocentrism is the other problem. This is because some of my college or university friends like the kids from the very rich families in the community feel that they have superior means of life (culture) than us from middle class families. They tend to understand us as second-rate, wrong in all aspects and strange. Another task I have confronted due to my social individuality is prejudice. It has been caused by the frame of mind of ethnocentrism. My fellow school mates from wealthy backgrounds tend to show intolerant and unfairly biased attitude towards me and other folks of my status (middle income). The next challenge is ethnic stereotyping. This is due to exaggerated generalizations in regards to a particular group (females). For instance in the American culture the females have been stereotyped in terms of their emotions. It is believed that females experience and also exhibit sadness, fear and sympathy. On the other hand men experience and express anger and pride. Another concern is ethnical proximity whereby many ethnicities are assumed to be similar. For example credited to modernization, the subcultures (white and dark-colored) in my country have now been included almost into one though people result from different places of source.

The other task I have encountered credited to my ethnic personality is that of misinterpretation of codes. For example credited to my dress code most of my colleagues slip-up me for lady lady because I usually have veil on my neck of the guitar and put on a long skirt. There are several situations whereby my verbal habits or cues have been misunderstood like when I use inflections (variation of talk). AFTER I lower the pitch of tone too or make it deeper on certain words. This low pitch indicates self-confidence, certainty, and authority. However my university mates treat this as an indicator of ignorance or lack of cooperation in talk. Other times I take advantage of upward inflection (increased pitch) in conversation to communicate doubt, surprise and hesitation. This however result in miscommunication when am talking to my college friends who come from other civilizations like Muslims who perceive my build as a sign of coercion and harassment. Some times I do it again my assertions as an indicator of emphasis however, many of my friends understand that as a speech problem. Often, I get frustrated or angered when my friends blunder these verbal actions to be signals of weakness. There are many events when my non-verbal conducts have been misunderstood. For example when I use a regularity of glances to indicate attention, interest and engagement most people think that am being timid and am deploying it to safeguard myself from them or as a sign of fatigue. Some of my friends have also misinterpreted me through tactile communication (touch). For example I provide a warm hug to all or any my friends as an indicator or greetings when we meet however, many friends fault me for a multiple lover. Others mistrust their companions anticipated to these varieties of greetings. This mistrust is brought on by the actual fact that they interpret it psychologically. Some of my friends misinterpret my use of "fig" which in my own culture means "you can't own it". They say that it's immoral or obscene. I feel sad when people misinterpret these non-verbal cues.

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