Introduction to Offense and Punishment

Theories were developed to help to explain and understand certain happenings, habits and/or situations. Over the years, sociologists have created these theories hoping of describing why things happen in world. For instance, public conflict theories try to explain why culture creates conflict due to inequalities that can be found in everyday routine. In Karl Marx and Engels, economic determinism, economical activity designs and defines all politics, cultural, public and technological areas of world. It proposes that laws and regulations and norms are made in the interest of powerful associates of contemporary society. This conflict theory proposes three propositions. The first proposition talks about that the greater inequality a lot more conflict. The second clarifies that those who receive less needed resources question the legitimacy of cultural order, and the 3rd proposition says that those who are getting fewer resources will coordinate and expose conflict to the general public. Marx and Engel saw that unjust exploitation of 1 social category and communal solidarity could be regained if we overthrown capitalism.

In the interactional theory, produced by Terrence Thornberry, shows that delinquent behavior is a result of a romantic relationship between a person, peer groups, sociable structures, weakened bonds and learning environment. This theory is destroyed into three different phases in a life course. The first stage is delinquent behaviours are developed during youth, primarily due to a dysfunctional family, college failure and connection with delinquent peers. The next level is during mid-adolescence where they are simply no longer inspired by family, but their peers. The third stage is during adulthood where their delinquent behaviors are molded by their put in place society and his / her own family.

According to Durkheim, Abuse is an manifestation of sociable solidarity. He presumed that punishment functions positive functions in world. There are three celebrations that help enact punishment. The "controller" is the individual that administers the function, the "controlled" is the person being punished, the one who devoted the crime, and the "onlookers" which is everyone. Durkheim saw consequence as a moral education. Abuse is an essential part of moral order in culture and it can help limit the get spread around of deviance and disobedience.

The two theories that I found interesting were Marx and Engel's financial determinism and Durkheim's abuse as a moral education. I trust Marx's idea of the inequality of power in society and how it influences deviant action among people who can't find the resources that they want in world. When an individual seem to not contain the resources, each goes about getting it one other way. This relates back to Robert Merton's stress theory that focused on the emphasis of the American Dream. Those that can't obtain it, find other ways, such as stealing or retailing drugs. The conflict theory points out that inequality triggers more conflict. Those who obtain less needed resources would coordinate and come forth to start it up to the general public. Capitalism is definitely the root of conflict since it is taken up to bring on unjust inequality. I concur that we have to overthrow capitalism and form a just social solidarity, like communism, as Marx and Engel advises. This way everybody is on the same level of communal school and has the chance of acquiring the same resources needed in modern culture.

In Durkheim's, punishment as a moral education, I concur that punishment is vital for public order. For some children, when they are created they are trained morally from wrong, such things like, stealing, lying or fighting. That is reinforced with abuse that can range between "time-outs" to physical beatings. Because of this it ensures that whenever the kid has an craving to take action incorrect, they know the results. Personally, for so long as I can keep in mind I have been reprimanded by my parents whenever I did so something I recognized I wasn't imagine to. So therefore at any time I noticed like misbehaving I would avoid it so that we wouldn't get punished for it. Precisely the same idea relates to when an individual thinks about committing a criminal offense, they know that abuse will be a consequence of that.

Like a great many other theories they aren't concrete. They are simply developed to seem sensible of why and how certain things happen in culture, but there are some criticisms that can be made about them. Durkheim says that consequence is a positive function in contemporary society. It reinforces public solidarity and reinforce common worth. Although I recognize, I question whether he feels abuse of criminals has more of your positive function than reforming criminals? I really do believe that some criminals are worthy of to punished for their activities, but I also think that growing systems or procedures where we can help a person, that has dedicated crime, become a better person in contemporary society. You can find circumstances where an individual was required to commit a criminal offense not because they wished to but because they had to. For example, a mom that is attempting to make ends meet for herself and her family, steals food from the grocery store because she's no money. In the technical sense she has committed a criminal offenses of stealing, but I'm sure if she got the amount of money she wouldn't grab. Rather than punishing her by placing her into a correctional organization, why not help her find employment where she can have regular income. This way she is in a position to provide for her family and we need not distinguish her from her kids.

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