The problem of the division of labor is one of the central problems in the sociology of labor. It is impossible to overestimate the role of the division of labor in changing the content of human activity, the impact on the development of the individual. The work of any person is essentially social labor. In other words, the work of one is always connected with the labor of many (society). The place of each individually and of everyone as a whole is determined by the existing division of labor system.

The concept, essence and types of division of labor

The division of labor is a complex concept, primarily because of the multilevel and multidimensional characteristics of its manifestation. It is impossible to take into account all aspects of this social phenomenon in one strict definition. Nevertheless, we can regard the division of labor as a social phenomenon in a broad and narrow context. In the first case, speaking of the division of labor, they mean any specialization of labor and the subsequent exchange of results of activity. Here, the processes of differentiation and specialization are presented in their unity, and one can talk about the different degrees of manifestation of the division of labor at different historical stages of the development of society. In the second case, a more narrow definition of the division of labor presupposes the choice of a certain methodological position, on the basis of which a definition will be given. Since we rely on the dual nature of labor, it is appropriate to talk about revealing the essence of the division of the pile also through a link with the dual nature of its manifestation. Two aspects are distinguished here: organizational and technical and socio-economic. The first aspect reflects the intra-production, technological and functional division of labor in the enterprise. The second aspect of the division of labor allows us to consider the level of development of socio-economic relations in society.

The essence of the division of labor, both in economic, and in sociological, philosophical literature, is given great attention. This is natural, since the views on the emergence, functioning and development of the division of labor, on its past, present and future depend on an understanding of the essence of this phenomenon.

The Law of the Division of Labor

The development of society has a natural character. This is expressed in the existence of laws of social development. The division of the pile is one such law. According to this law, the development of labor occurs through the allocation of smaller types of labor within the framework of an initially larger species, with subsequent consolidation of each isolated species for a single worker. In addition to the division of labor law, this chapter deals with the law of the change of labor (paragraph 4.2).

Terminology problems

Very often in the literature along with the term social development law there are concepts sociological law & quot ;, historical law & quot ;. As a rule, these terms are synonymous.

It's important to remember!

The laws of social development are an objectively existing, repetitive, significant connection between the phenomena of social life or the stages of the historical process. The specificity of social laws is that they are realized only through the activities of people, represent the result of this activity. The laws of social development manifest themselves as trends and are extremely important for understanding the life of society and for comprehending and forecasting its future.

The mechanism of development of the law of the division of labor is based on the accumulation of knowledge and skills within a certain type of work. It is the development of the division of labor, its complication and improvement, that can serve as the most important criterion of historical progress. The division of labor creates the opportunity to achieve higher labor productivity and therefore leads to an increase in social wealth. It allows you to put into operation a complex mutual exchange mechanism , which acts as an exchange of manufactured goods and can be viewed at different levels. The manifestation of the division of labor is the exchange of activities. Most often, the division of labor is seen as a qualitative differentiation of labor activity, which is gaining momentum as society develops and leads to the isolation and coexistence of various types of activities. The division of labor exists in different forms, corresponding to the level of development of society. This is the earliest of all laws, originated in ancient society.

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