Legalization of Marijuana Debate

Keywords: pot legalization usa, marijuana legalization arguments

What if one of America's most illegal plants was also one of the world's most appropriate plants? Weed has a multitude of different applications in world, but remains unlawful by federal laws. Some areas have decriminalized cannabis, but national law does not recognize state regulation. Guess that by federal law, cannabis were a decriminalized or legal compound. An entire new world of research could happen and each of its uses would become definitive. Perceptions regarding the use of pot would likely be improved. The decriminalization or legalization of weed would presumably cause many inexpensive, industrial, and medical adaptations focused towards the benefit of the United States of America. As an activist plays an integral role in the decriminalization of marijuana.

Activism includes efforts to market, impede or direct social, political, financial, or environmental change. Activists for the legalization of marijuana have made great strides in 20 expresses to date structured upon the followers of its medical uses. Although Congress grouped pot as a Plan 1 chemical (a group of drugs not considered respectable for medical use) in 1970, instantly rendering it the most widely used medication in the U. S. Many disagree with this and the combat (in the marketing, courts, and on the streets) raises honest issues, such as set up government should be permitted to govern what folks do in their own homes. Actually, up until the government started imposing limitations in 1930, doctors still widely prescribed marijuana with their patients for a number of reasons that are similar to the reasons people utilize it today (Bostwick, 2012).

Marijuana, because so many people commonly know it, is truly a plant called hemp, or "cannabis sativa. " Hemp is any durable vegetable used since prehistory for many purposes, such as rope, newspaper, and clothing. The cannabis seed also produces three very important products that other vegetation do not (in usable form): seed, pulp, and remedies. The cannabis sativa flower develops as weed and cultivated seed across the world in a variety of climates and soils (Legalizing Hemp 2). Pot has been used throughout history; in 6000 B. C. cannabis seed products were used as food in China; in 4000 B. C. the Chinese used textiles made of hemp; the first documented use of cannabis as remedies in China was at 2727 B. C. ; and in 1500 B. C. the Chinese cultivated Cannabis for food and fibre (Legalizing Hemp 2).

MEDICAL USES

Paul Armentano, Deputy Director of the NORML (The Country wide Firm for the Reform of Weed Laws) Foundation, explained at the beginning of this 12 months that researchers are looking into cannabinoids' potential to moderate the pain associated with disorders such as multiple sclerosis, arthritis rheumatoid, and inflammatory bowel disease, as well as the cannabinoids' role in the treating several neurological disorders including Alzheimer's disease and Lou Gehrig's disease (par. 3). The cannabinoids contained in pot have the potential to provide restorative relief for a variety of diseases. The healing uses of medical marijuana include relief from scientific conditions like gliomas, multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer's, ALS, fibromyalgia, tourette's symptoms, dystonia, HIV, hepatitis c, hypertension, diabetes, sleeping apnea, gastrointestinal disorders, pruritis, incontinence, osteoporosis, and rheumatoid arthritis (Armentano, par. 8). Armentano also mentioned in his statement in the Recent Research on Medical Cannabis: Investigators are currently studying the anti-cancer properties of cannabinoids. A growing body of preclinical and professional medical data concludes that cannabinoids can reduce the spread of specific cancer cells via apoptosis (programmed cell fatality) and by the inhibition of angiogenesis (the forming of new blood vessels). Arguably, these latter trends represent much broader plus more significant applications for cannabinoid therapeutics than research workers could have thought some thirty or even two decades in the past (par. 4) If cannabis were to be decriminalized, an completely new area of medicinal research may be unlocked. The therapeutic properties of marijuana like the transient as well as healing relief to a broad list of clinical conditions could be further investigated and bestowed after society. Allen F. St. Pierre expresses in his article About Weed

Modern research shows that cannabis is a valuable aid in the treating a variety of clinical applications. These include treatment - particularly of neuropathic pain (pain from nerve damage) - nausea, spasticity, glaucoma, and movements disorders. Marijuana is also a robust appetite stimulant specifically for patients experiencing HIV, the Supports wasting symptoms, or dementia. Emerging research suggests that marijuana's therapeutic properties may protect the body against some types of malignant tumors and are neuroprotective. (par. 10)

Newer and more healthy methods of the use of THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) could be researched in order to avoid any unwanted effects that inhaling the combusted materials of cannabis may have on your respiratory system. New branches of research dedicated to showing the strengths of pot could be possible decriminalization were set in place. Canada has already benefited tremendously off their nation-wide legalization of marijuana. Andrew D. Hathaway and Kate Rossiter express in their article on Canada's population involving medical cannabis that "In 2001, Canada announced it would be the first country to legalize cannabis for therapeutic purposes and earmarked financing for clinical tests. By June, 2007, legal access had been granted to about 1, 800 patients with terminal illnesses and serious medical conditions" (1). Not merely will cannabis have the potential to supply the USA with an exceptionally broad range of medical program, but this herb also has the potential to provide various professional applications.

INDUSTRIAL USES

Hemp's uses include but are certainly not limited to: fuel; food (hemp seeds provide an outstanding way to obtain protein-not only for folks but for wild birds who seek out hemp seeds which have been mixed with other seed products); paper; textiles, (i. e. canvas, paper, cloth, rope); paint; detergent; varnish; engine oil; remedies; and building materials. Almost any product that may be made from hardwood, cotton, or petroleum (including plastics) can be made from hemp.

Every year america government spends billions of dollars to invest in the war on drugs, which is conducted mainly by the Medicine Enforcement Supervision (DEA). More specifically, the very well funded Domestic Cannabis Eradication/Suppression Program (DCESP) is the part of the DEA that specifically handles the enforcement of cannabis laws and regulations. In the last 25 years, the enforcement of cannabis prohibition is continuing to grow stricter. Not surprisingly, marijuana production in the U. S. has increased ten-fold since 1982 (Crop Article 17). Along with this increased production and DEA enforcement, the expense of the war on weed has increased greatly within the last few decades.

For example, in 2002 about 730, 000 people were arrested for talk about marijuana charges meaning they did not own enough to get recharged federally. The total legal justice cost of the weed arrests was about $7. 6 billion, which equates to about $10, 400 per arrest (NORML 131). The legalization of weed would eliminate the need for all these arrests which would bring about an economic raise, not forgetting save the money required to incarcerate someone for said criminal offense.

In addition to minimizing the amount of money spent keeping marijuana unlawful, the legalization of pot would release essential space in our already overcrowded jails. U. S. individuals take into account about 5% of the world's society, yet U. S. prison inmates take into account 25% of the world's prisoners (Eitzen 368). By eliminating the necessity for weed related arrests, a great burden would be raised from our police force. Our police can concentrate their energy on the true criminals in our nation as opposed to wasting money charging residents with minor pot offenses. Most of all, the legalization of weed would eliminate every one of the crime associated with weed such as sale, possession, paraphernalia, and cultivation.

The Writer of Sociable Problems, Stanley Eitzen explains the idea behind why the legalization of cannabis would achieve this: "organized offense, which now acquires the majority of its income from providing unlawful goods and services, would no more be able to hide its investment funds and gains. Thus, laws and regulations against victimless crimes are indirectly in charge of maintaining organized criminal offense" (Friendly Problems 352).

By making pot legal, it creates it impossible for criminals to conduct crimes involving marijuana. However, the prohibitive regulations regarding pot provide structured criminals with one of the most lucrative income source: the sale of illegal pot. Legislation against cannabis does not eliminate the demand for it amongst society either. Due to marijuana being illegitimate, the price tag on marijuana is a lot greater than what it would be if legal. This unintended consequence of the prohibitive laws and regulations against marijuana has caused hook increase in criminal offense revolved about the purchase of the supplement. New crimes are being committed to produce money so that users can afford the high prices; though not as severe as a criminal offense directly related to the sale and cultivation of pot, any crime taken away because of legalization helps. The eradication of criminal offenses associated with marijuana and the related money earned consequently is only going to become possible through the regulation and production of cannabis by the U. S. federal government. These wouldn't normally be the only benefits legalization would need to offer either; the federal government could generate considerable contributions to the current economic climate through the taxation and sales of marijuana in your borders. Ultimately, the conflict on cannabis has failed. Pot use and production continue steadily to increase from time to year regardless of the increased efforts against weed. New regulatory guidelines have to be researched and tried if the federal government ever wants to have control over one of the primary issues in the conflict on drugs.

ECONOMIC BENEFITS

Today pot is the number one cash crop in the us, making over $35 billion in grubby money each year (Crop Survey 14). That is $18 billion more than second most generated crop corn. Although the prices of cannabis would decline if legalized, the federal government could still make enormous amounts of money through the taxation, production and deal of marijuana. Weed is the fourth most widely used psychoactive drug in the U. S. , following levels of caffeine, nicotine and alcoholic beverages (Eitzen 385). Levels of caffeine, nicotine and alcohol, are all legal, regulated by the federal government and all contribute greatly to our economy. Why not do this with cannabis? Tobacco craving resulting from using tobacco kills more People in the usa than liquor, cocaine, split, heroin, homicide, suicide, fires, car accidents, and AIDS put together (Eitzen 389). Yet the government motivates and regulates the sales of cigarettes, it is because the cigarette industry is a major contributor to the U. S. current economic climate. About $158 billion are made each year by the tobacco industry (Eitzen 389). Aside from the sale of smoking, tobacco companies spent $21. 2 million professional lobbying companies in 2003, which amounts to more than $127, 000 for each day Congress was in session (Eitzen 390). Authorities treatment in the theoretical cannabis industry could produce financial gains similar compared to that of the tobacco industry through basically the same means. Liquor, the third most used drug in the us, is another example of how government legislation of a drug can be successful. Each year, the federal government makes billions off of the regulation and sale of alcohol. As well as the revenues that might be generated through the sale of marijuana, the federal government could institute a pot tax, which would only increase revenues.

POLITICAL ASPECT

In California On November 2, 2010, Proposition 19 failed at the polls. If it handed down, marijuana would have been decriminalized, and the federal government would have been permitted to control and penalize marijuana use and syndication to create additional earnings (Viswanthan 1). Small categories have increased throughout the United States, primarily in California, advocating for marijuana legalization. One of the most well known communities and California's most significant medical group, the California Medical Connection, has also endorsed the legalization of pot. But if an identical proposition is proposed, Leader Barack Obama won't support it. Within a press convention in Colombia, Obama said he would take part in a question regarding legalizing drugs, but elaborated that his administration will not support any monthly bill to legalize them (2). With elections approaching, his position from 4 years ago has shifted greatly.

Presidential GOP candidate Mitt Romney has explicitly portrayed his dissension around therapeutic marijuana in his marketing campaign. After reading from an individual with muscular dystrophy about his need for medicinal cannabis to make it through, Romney repeated fervently that he had not been and only legalizing medicinal cannabis. The young man with the degenerative health issues expressed his worries to the candidate and proved genuine concern for his survival. Five different doctors had recommended the use of medicinal pot for this patient, yet the federal government is constantly on the impose dread by prosecuting those who use and recommend such treatment. Romney sustained to disregard his pleas and finished the talk by walking from the wheelchair-bound man (CNN).

Potential third party individuals such as Ron Paul and Gary Johnson have voiced their support regarding the legalization of marijuana, and have plainly managed to get known that if they're elected, they'll take options to legalize the medication nationwide (Viswanthan 2). During his 30 years in the House of Associates, Paul has authored and co-authored multiple marijuana-friendly bills. He's proposed laws to decriminalize pot, permit industrial hemp farming, and constitutionally delegate to expresses how to enforce extant medical marijuana (Camia 1).

For those who favour the legalization of marijuana, the ideology revolving around the subject is conveyed flawlessly by Thomas Szasz, a libertarian,

"I prefer free trade in drugs for the same reason the Founding Fathers preferred free trade in ideas. In an open modern culture, it is nothing of the government's business what idea a man sets into his mind; likewise, it should be none of the government's business what medicine he puts into his body" (74).

Though the government did not adopt this ideology, there are other valid reasons that the legalization and legislation of pot in the U. S. would provide our land with significant benefits. The taxation and sale of marijuana alone would provide enormous economic contributions. The finishing of the conflict against cannabis would save billions of dollars spent every year searching for and incarcerating marijuana offenders. The that marijuana has to offer as a drugs are possible results of the legalization of weed in the United States.

OPPOSING VIEWS

Scientific studies may have conflicting results, but overall they web page link smoking pot to heart and soul and lung disease, throat tumors, and a reduced storage capacity. Making marijuana legal would boost the number of men and women being damaged by these diseases. Others indicate the staggering amount of drugs which may have been seized coming into america. They point to how medication use is highly linked to legal activity, and predict that legalizing weed would lead to a rise in violence and offense (Two Factors of the Conflict Anti-Marijuana).

The authorities, which overall is working to keep marijuana illegal, agrees that there is no real profit to legalizing pot. Gil Kerlikowske, director of any office of National Drug Control Policy composed "As a former police key, I understand we will not arrest our way to avoid it of the problem. We also notice that legalizing marijuana would not provide the response to any of the health, sociable, youth education, legal justice, and community standard of living obstacles associated with medicine use. "(Gane-McCalla)

SOLUTIONS

One of the main reasons that cannabis has not been legalized in the U. S. is the identified risk that smoking it presents to its end user; the notion that getting high is hazardous. Yes, smoking cannabis is bad for you, but smoking anything is bad for you. Most of the negative health results that cannabis users experience are a result of the take action of inhaling smoke cigars to their lungs, not the genuine THC present. Cannabis can be consumed in ways that do not require combustion, such as edibles or the utilization of a vaporizer. Through healthier consumption, pot can be used medically to relieve certain patients of pain and other problems as well as serve as a basis for newer, far better cannabinoid medication development. The legalization of pot would help capitalize on the therapeutic benefits that THC and other cannabinoids within marijuana have to give you. Though large amounts of THC have been found to disrupt short-term ram and impair electric motor skills, THC has also shown to help reduce symptoms of several common health problems (Delight 51).

In particular, medical weed has had the most significant effect on patients suffering from symptoms such as chronic pain, nausea, hunger loss, muscle spasms, insomnia, and glaucoma (Joy 51). There are plenty of legally approved drugs that can be used to treat symptoms like those mentioned previously; however many of them can be costly, cause undesirable side effects, and in several cases may become addictive.

For example, Xanax and Vicitin are two of the most widely allocated prescription painkillers available today despite their high cost and high risk of dependence. Furthermore, they are most frequently recommended to patients experiencing symptoms that THC has been found to alleviate. Not saying that medical marijuana, or THC, will be better than Xanax or Vicitin or any other prescription drug because there are extreme cases where medical marijuana would not suffice. However, medical pot would give a cheap option to expensive prescription drugs without the negative side effects or threat of cravings. Despite popular opinion, marijuana has not been shown to be actually addictive. Studies show that day-to-day marijuana users will establish a minor physiological habit to the medicine, but no facts was present of your physical dependency one might face with cocaine, heroin or even caffeine mistreatment (Delight 92). This trait of THC is but another reason that the introduction of more complex cannabinoid structured drugs should be looked into if marijuana were legalized. The thought of artificial THC or a pill form of THC is not really a new one.

Scientists developed Marinol, the sole cannabinoid approved for marketing in the U. S. , was created in 1985. Although Marinol had not been an enormous success and is hardly ever used today, it do lead to the discovery of the neuroprotective attributes cannabinoids have. Janet Joy, writer of Marijuana and Remedies: Examining the Science Foundation, talks about neuroprotection: "One of the most dominant new applications of cannabinoids is ideal for 'neuroprotection, ' the rescue of neurons from cell fatality associated with stress, ischemia, and neurological diseases" (202). This quality of cannabinoids could end up being valuable in the development of medicines made to slow the deterioration of the brain, such as certain types of brain harm and other ailments causing brain harm. If the utilization of medical cannabis were legal, people would discover a cheaper, of course, if used properly, sometimes more healthy alternative to certain ailments they might be experiencing. Combined with the numerous medical uses cannabis already provides, the legalization of cannabis would enable researchers to develop cutting edge medicines concerning cannabinoids. Investigators are currently studying the anti-cancer properties of cannabinoids. An evergrowing body of preclinical and scientific data concludes that cannabinoids can decrease the spread of specific malignancy cells via apoptosis (designed cell fatality) and by the inhibition of angiogenesis (the formation of new arteries). Arguably, these latter tendencies represent far broader and even more significant applications for cannabinoid therapeutics than experts could have dreamed some thirty or even two decades before (par. 4). If cannabis were to be decriminalized, an totally new domains of therapeutic research could possibly be unlocked. The therapeutic properties of marijuana like the transient as well as therapeutic relief to a wide list of specialized medical conditions could be further investigated and bestowed upon culture. Allen F. St. Pierre says in his article About Cannabis: Modern research shows that cannabis is a valuable aid in the treatment of a variety of clinical applications. Included in these are treatment - particularly of neuropathic pain (pain from nerve damage) - nausea, spasticity, glaucoma, and motion disorders. Pot is also a powerful appetite stimulant designed for patients suffering from HIV, the Products wasting syndrome, or dementia. Growing research suggests that marijuana's medicinal properties may protect the body against some types of malignant tumors and are neuroprotective. (par. 10)

DISCUSSION

There are regulations in place so that it is illegal for anybody under age eighteen (in most states) to acquire Nicotine products, and 21 years old to purchase alcohol products. Thoughts are that at eighteen/twenty one, an example may be old enough to own been properly informed and know very well what it is they may be doing when they purchase these products. Why can't we do that with the legalization of pot?

Maybe we have to look to Europe for the answer to weed legality. Many have made their laws less restrictive or repealed them entirely, which were designed after laws and regulations made here in the United States, in favor of the legalization of pot. Commander Brain Paddock in a area of London called Brixton ran a little experiment. Over the six month period, he instructed his officers to warn those found with small amounts of marijuana alternatively than arrest them. At the end of those six months, Scotland Yard granted a written report that mentioned more than 2500 time of manpower was saved by giving warnings (Katz). Not making arrests recommended not spending valuable time moving prisoners and filling in paper work, not to mention court time and costs kept prosecuting those imprisoned. That point could then be allocated to investigating and enforcing other more serious criminal activities.

Marijuana use is legal or otherwise overlooked, in many Western european areas such as Holland. In an article called European countries Loosens It's Pot Laws and regulations, written for Rolling Natural stone Magazine, Gregory Katz had written that Senior Medicine Policy Advisor to the Dutch Minister of Health, Bob Krizer, has said weed ingestion in Holland has been consistently lower over the past twenty-five years than it has in the United States. During those same twenty-five years, the United States have been waging the "War on Drugs, " while Holland had been embracing a more liberal coverage. Mr. Krizer also suggests that their rate of harder drug addicts is largely lower than a great many other countries that contain stricter drug insurance policies (Katz). If true, this runs quite a distance towards demonstrating education is a far greater way to obtain a subject matter across than making laws and arresting people.

CONCLUSION

Marijuana gets the potential to be one of the most useful substances in the world. Despite the fact that cannabis prevails as possibly one of the very most useful plants on the face of the Earth, it still remains unlawful in america. With many uses, if they be professional, medical, or inexpensive, it is hard to think that pot still remains a controlled and prohibited element. It seems as though this harmless bloom is considered against the law for no other reason than to be looked at outlawed. Cannabis is a possible nationwide head start for the economy's steadiness and withholds the to assist in the addressing of a few of the United Claims' most pressing issues. The decriminalization of cannabis gets the potential to become one of the biggest economical innovations in the history of the United States of America. If people required action and the federal government legalized it today, we will immediately see benefits from this decision. People suffering from illnesses ranging from manic despair to Multiple Sclerosis would be able to experience relief. The government could make billions of dollars off of the taxes it might impose on its sale, and its implementation into the industrial world would create thousands of new careers for the economy. Also, due to its role in paper making, the rain forests of South America can be preserved of their current fate of extinction. No noted deaths have ever before occurred because of this of cannabis use, it is not physically addictive like alcohol or tobacco, and most doctors will agree it is safer to use than those substances. A offer by Abraham Lincoln describes the situation flawlessly. "Prohibition. . . will go beyond the bounds of reason for the reason that it attempts to control a man's urge for food by legislation and makes a criminal offenses out of things that are not crimes. A prohibition regulation strikes a blow at the principles after which our government was founded. " Pot being illegal does not have any validity whatsoever. Due to all the strengths of marijuana it should be legalized in america.

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