Pluralist Elitist and Marxist Theories of the State

The three disparate theories of their state, specifically the Elitist, the Pluralist and the Marxist theories are briefly discussed in the essay. Also, they are compared and contrasted at length, highlighting each of their strengths and weaknesses.


There are three positions through which a state can be evaluated. The Pluralist concept of the state mentions that their state is natural relatively, and a number of electricity centers can be found in circumstances. Based on the Marxist theory, the state of hawaii serves as a musical instrument for the wealthy and the bourgeois classes, who try out constantly to reduce the working classes or the proletariat because of its own personal hobbies. On the other hand, the idea of the Elitist theory would be that the state consists of two different aspects, violence and territoriality. Thus, modern states of the 20th and 21st decades often holiday resort to violence within its edges. The modern condition is like a committee which handles the common issues of the bourgeoisie. (Marx & Engels, 1985)


The proponent of the Marxist theory, Karl Marx, was of the opinion that most of the political power of the population is controlled by the bourgeois school. The modern state is also extremely reliant on credits and taxes. Most of the credits and fees are also borne by the bourgeois school. What's more, the advertising such as newspaper publishers or television is also manipulated by the bourgeois. This helps it be easier for the bourgeois to enter politics and flourish in politics. The bourgeois express functions as a common insurance pact which shields the interests of the bourgeois course at the expense of the exploited school (McLellan, 1971)

Marx was also the thoughts and opinions that the bourgeois was basically using the modern state for improving the approach to life and potential customers of the capitalist school of the population. One of the famous quotations from the Communist manifesto, Marx & Engels (1985. p. 82) state governments 'The exec of the present day State is but a committee for handling the normal affairs of the complete bourgeoisie. ' Marx also presumed that communism was the best answer for such a capitalist society. The conflict on the list of classes keeps increasing as the capitalism in their state develops, because the passions of the bourgeois are furthered by the state of hawaii in capitalism.

Furthermore, capitalism also facilitates the bourgeoisie to provide concessions to the proletariat, in cases where there is a cultural instability. The welfare status of the Scandinavian areas is something similar to the Marxist view of the state. Concessions such as unemployment benefits, free education, free health check and pension techniques receive by the bourgeois to the proletariat in certain Scandinavian areas.


The Pluralist view of the state is completely different from the Marxist view. The Pluralist will not believe that the state of hawaii is actually conflicting in nature, as the Marxist and the Elitist universities of thought consider. Somewhat, the Pluralist view of their state is that it's neutral in nature; additionally it is believed that the state of hawaii is vunerable to a number of affects from various communities in the culture. The modern point out therefore isn't only dominated by one category, this is the capitalist or the bourgeoisie school, which dominates the politics power, as believed by the Marxist theory; the present day state is rather a type of framework from wherein a number of interests of the population can be reconciled.

The idea of the state in line with the Pluralist view is also that there may be various sources of political electricity. Therefore, not a single group can have monopoly of political power, in line with the Pluralists. But the capitalist course can employ a strong foothold in the population, they can not however have complete dominance in the working school, as proposed by the Marxists. The proletariats can expand their ability through labor unions or trade unions. Since the capitalist school cannot do minus the labor category, the working course also exerts a solid effect on the capitalist course, based on the Pluralists. The modern state is not actually a musical instrument by which one category can dominate in the other category. It's rather a construction which helps in the reconciliation of diverse population interests (Schwarzmantel, 1994; Schwarzmantel, 1987; Dunleavy & O'Leary, 1987).

The pluralist model can easily explain worker organizations and trade unions. Since organizations and trade unions have the energy over the government, the politicians, trade unions, businesses and the proletariat have a share in the state power. The power is dispersed among the government, the organizations and the labor unions as well, proving once again that the neutrality of their state based on the Pluralist view is also valid.


The Elitist theory was submit by Utmost Weber. In his view, the state is employed as an instrument through which some groups of circumstances control the other categories. Hence, the Elitist view of the state of hawaii is quite like the Marxist view of their state. However, the central difference between your theory of Weber and the Marxist view is usually that the Elitist thinks in the idea of legitimacy. For instance, people follow the rules of the government because they assume that the federal government or the condition is legitimate. However, Marxists believe the state itself should be abolished since it is not legitimate.

The Elitist idea of their state also lays focus on bureaucracy. Bureaucracy is one of the very most effective ways of organizing the modern condition. Weber also thinks that the bureaucrats form a group of elites. This group of bureaucrats is extremely political in nature, and gets the specialist knowledge that your politicians do not possess. The state symbolizes the relation of men who dominate men. This domination is supported through legitimate violence. If the condition has to are present, the ones who are dominated must follow the specialist of the dominating group (Gerth & Mills, 1967).

Another contrasting point between the Elitists and the Marxists and Pluralists is usually that the Pluralists and Marxists imagine the state to have specific function. For the Marxists, the working classes are suppressed while for the pluralists; different groups of modern culture are reconciled. But also for the Elitists, the state cannot be described in straightforward terms since the express performs several tasks and has two defining features, territoriality and violence. If certain teams have the right to use pressure over its place, it's because the state has awarded the privileges. Politics is all about the power have difficulty, matching to Weber. Power is described by Weber as a tool to make someone perform an activity which he usually wouldn't have performed (Lassman, 2000; de Jasay, 1985).


The Pluralist, Marxists and Elitist concept of the state of hawaii essentially contains an alternative kind of political conception. Marx presumed that politics is actually a class conflict, and further adds that political relationships can be altered into monetary ones. The Elitist theory of Weber also has a similar thought process. Marxists propose that politics is about the battle for vitality, however Weber disagrees with the point of view of Marx, since he doesn't agree that the Marxist view of reducing politics to a school struggle and monetary factors. Weber is an elitist since Weber emphasizes the significance of a strong political authority (Held, 1989; Dunleavy & O'Leary, 1987).

However, the ideas of Weber and the Marxist are quite elitist in dynamics, which sharply contrasts with the Pluralist view of their state. The Pluralists think that their state is not only controlled by the bourgeois or the bureaucrats; somewhat it is the dynamics of various social groups which ultimately influences the fabric of their state. Then again, the Pluralist viewpoint has certain similarities with the elitist viewpoints since both of them believe several sources of political power impact their state, unlike the Marxist view which feels that financial factors determine the politics dynamics of the state.

All in every, all the viewpoints of the Pluralist, the Marxist and the Elitist, helped establish and understand the true nature of their state deeper. Although each of them has their own unique way of interpreting the workings of the state of hawaii, most of them give a true picture of a few of the measurements of the state of hawaii.

Also We Can Offer!

Other services that we offer

If you don’t see the necessary subject, paper type, or topic in our list of available services and examples, don’t worry! We have a number of other academic disciplines to suit the needs of anyone who visits this website looking for help.

How to ...

We made your life easier with putting together a big number of articles and guidelines on how to plan and write different types of assignments (Essay, Research Paper, Dissertation etc)