POVERTY EFFECTS ON THE CHILD'S Do it yourself ESTEEM
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A child's self esteem is vital in determining the continuing future of the child. A child must expand with a good self esteem. Self-confidence is afflicted by poverty. Poverty impacts the socio-economic welfare of the family which affects the child. This usually happens when the parents of the indegent child cannot afford how many other children are receiving form their parents including better education, medical cover, communal facilities amongst others. The indegent child who is suffering from low self-esteem is not able to compete with the rest because he's psychologically affected. The effects of low self-confidence could continue even up to adulthood. This article examines the influences of poverty over a child's self-confidence.
Table of contents
- Problem statement
- Significance of the study
- Literature review
- Discussion and findings
a) Theoretical literature review
b) Empirical literature review
1. 0 Introduction
Self esteem is the main element driving element in a child's achievement in life. For a child to succeed he will need to have an optimistic sense of self-confidence. A child with low self esteem is often out competed by all of those other children with positive self esteem. Self-confidence can make one either to do well or poorly in every day activities.
On the other palm, poverty is the lack of finances to meet the daily financial commitments. An unhealthy person, according to the United Nations is someone who lives below a $1 per day. Poverty affects a person's ability to accommodate and provide the daily basic needs. Children borne out of poor individuals are characterized with low self-confidence. This is because the parents are not in a position to provide for them the daily basic needs as the other children from the well off young families.
When at school, these children are teased on the social-economic welfare minimizing further their sense of self-esteem. When such children develop up with such low self-confidence, they don't compete well because these were poorly prepared for the future due poor backdrop. This research newspaper investigates the result of poverty on the self esteem of the children.
2. 0 Background
Poverty is the lack of well-being by the folks. It's the inability of people to acquire basic needs of life. This includes food, shelter, education and clothing. Complete poverty is a type of poverty associated with the insufficient financial capacity to afford basic requirements of life. It usually occurs when a person spends less than $1 in a day. This kind is also called financial poverty. This sort of poverty can be alleviated by motivating the visitors to develop small, medium or large businesses. The4 businesses should use natural resources for them to succeed. The other type of poverty is the poverty that's not associated with income. Also called the non- income poverty. That's where the folks may have some money however in general, their life requirements are below the society's objectives i. e. they might not be in a posture to cover basic education, healthcare etc. this type of poverty can be alleviated through increased access to affordable cultural services. The sociable services also needs to be qualitative in addition typo to being affordable. Generally, poor people often live below the standards of the society.
Poverty is most common in the unemployed, the junior, children, mothers, and the aged. Children borne out of poverty must struggle to reach the amount of their counterparts from well off people. They have difficulty through their adulthood aiming to pay the bills. Poverty is a cultural problem because the children borne in poor family members aren't given a good opportunity to compete with the rest. There have been various steps of poverty that have been and remain in use although new measures of poverty are being advocated. The UNDP developed the individual development index in 1990 to gauge the level of poverty. This actions poverty predicated on the income. Globally, a solution that is used to assess poverty is the main one developed and regularly kept up to date by the World Loan provider; the $1per day. This solution is widely used although it doesn't show the true human wellbeing. That is why better methods that can get the physical condition of humans are being advocated.
Self-esteem: self esteem can be either high medium or low. Matching to Baumeister, smart & Boden 1996), extremely high self esteem suggest destructiveness and narcissism. Some individuals may have wrong sense of high esteem whereby the feel they may have high self esteem yet they may have very low self esteem. A person with low self-confidence lacks self consciousness and may be defensive. (Hoyle, Kernis, Leary & Baldwin 1991). Low self-confidence is associated with depression. There is a strong marriage between suicide and low sense of self esteem. According to Guindon H. (2010), a person with a higher sense of self-confidence is more likely to be self aimed and impartial than low esteem individuals.
the way children perceive things is vital. This is because it is a vital aspect in expanding their self esteem. Moreover, self esteem is an integral aspect in the training process of a kid. Through it, a child can view things either positively or negatively. On the other hand, low self esteem in children can be blamed on poverty. As children expand up, they could face low self-confidence problems especially during their puberty. Self-confidence varies with in one child top another (Williams, 2007). Matching to sociological analysts, there are two types of poverty namely: situational poverty where a family can plunge into poverty scheduled to some negative areas of change like lack of employment or problems of an illness and generational poverty which when it attack a family it is difficult to deal with and a kid may suffer from even up to later years. Children are damaged differently by both kind of poverty (Dana, 2003).
A child born in a family group that has generational poverty increases in the data that the problem the family is in is determined by fate and the situation is beyond control. A kid born in a family with generational poverty always feel inferior to his/her peers and usually suffer from low self esteem. However, low self-confidence disappears and the kid grows self-confidence if the situation disappears.
3. 0 Research questions
- Does poverty have and effect on the self esteem of children?
- Is the partnership between poverty and self esteem a primary or an inverse romantic relationship?
- Does low self-esteem progress in to adult life in a poverty stricken family?
4. 0 Significance of the study
literature on the consequences of poverty on psychological development of a child triggered the research into this topic on the effects of poverty on the child's self esteem. The past studies weren't clear and specific on the consequences of poverty on the self-confidence of a child (Sandra and Josefina, 2002). This later became reality and a challenge. The observation of children across different family backgrounds drew the pursuits of different researchers. They started focusing on it and in the initial observations, the self-confidence in children lowered as the level of poverty increased among children however, not absolutely. Which means that some children experienced high self esteem though these were from poor backgrounds and vice versa. No observations were made on if the low self esteem disappeared as the kids grew albeit still being in poverty. This unanswered questions brought about the topic and these forms the main target of this research. Through this review, we shall find out the partnership between poverty and self esteem in children. Through the findings, researchers will come out with an improved methodology of dealing with low self esteem in children from poverty stricken family members.
5. 0 Literature review
5. 1 Theoretical books review
This research will employ different library materials and electronic databases such as J-STOR and inform global data source in compiling of the research. In addition the research will employ catalogs and peer assessed journals to compile and complete the task. The usage of federal government publication will be very instrumental to find the statistics and numbers that are highly relevant to this issue.
According to Sandra, W. (2007), children can be afflicted by the family issues like lack of money, peer pressure, stigma and family tensions. Children from poverty stricken individuals often do suffer from tensions from the family unlike their peers from other well off family members. It really is more humiliating to them when they aren't able to pay the entire amount required for college activities. Also impacting children's self esteem are factors like stigma attached to poverty stricken young families, school divisions, humiliation from peers pointing out what they lack, poor clothing compared to their peers etc. furthermore, there are other factors like insufficient usage of some facilities like pools, certain game titles like golfing etc. each one of these factors can have a poor impact on the self esteem of the kid which in turn negatively affects the child's education. Children always want to feel self-assured in their capabilities. Unlike this, their schoolwork and future life prospects will be highly influenced negatively. Sandra, W. (2007), gives that for children to do well, they need role models that are positive, positive friend, families together wit h neighborhoods. This will make a difference on the self-confidence.
Parents likewise have a role to learn so far as self esteem is concerned. Around they should praise the kids for employment well done, they must watch out not to overdo it because it will backfire. Very high expectations to children pressure them so much that they make mistakes avoiding difficulties. Too much criticism also damage self esteem. Therefore, parents must attack a balance. A kid can defeat financial as well as emotional if all the players, instructors, aunts, parents and peer can be of positive influence to them (Sandra, W. 2007).
Rani, (2006) studies the impact of single poor mothers on their children in India and He records that the influences are wide, numerous and sophisticated. Many single ladies in India, though they do not have any formal work, they head their homeowners providing everything that is needed. If the partner dies, these women expect every responsibility of the home. They work outside leaving the children by itself at home. Since they are poor, they can not afford to employ a treatment taker to care for the children. Their financial indigence can not permit them to provide mentorship because of their children. They thus feel troubled about their children's future. The conditions are hard for both mothers and the kids. The mothers are hands linked with care for the children's basic needs. While using soaring economical conditions, they stress and decrease expenses. This causes provision of low quality services to these children. They drop out of college. In pursuit for the essential needs, they conclude assisting the mother in provision of basic necessities. The family's role as a socialization agent is weakened. The whole scenario is a complete clutter (Rani, I. 2006).
Mclahahan & Booth, (1989) argue that the socialization process is different in single father or mother families. How the connection of children to parents, the expectations and ideals of parents and the power of parents to affect their children's patterns are some of the factors that are essential in boosting socialization within people. In addition to that, structural factors of whether a family is single parent or guardian or not matters. Single moms are less influential regarding children's decisions than when they are two. Peer pressure is more intense in children from sole mother family members then others. Though some researchers say that institution performance of children fro both types of households vary, Rani, (2006) says that studies carried out show that children from two parent individuals out performed their counterparts form sole parent mothers. This is explained by the low socio economic expectations of the children from single mom families. In such a connection, the kids from poor households' educational performance are afflicted by the indegent economic standards of their moms (Mclanahan, 1985). More so, the institution drop out rate was high for children from solo mothers that those from two parents. Solitary mothers rarely keep an eye on the social activities of their children. This leads these to be vunerable to peer-pressure more than their counterparts bringing on other string of bad public patterns. These children matching to studies spend more time doing tasks at home as compared to their counterparts from two parents.
According to wisegeek, (2010), poverty begins influencing children even before they are borne. This experienced when the mom s are poor and cannot covered with insurance. Therefore they always do not get prenatal care early on enough making them suffer from diabetes, high blood pressure and other issues. This leads to developmental delays in their children growth, lagging behind their peers. As though hat is insufficient, children from poverty stricken households usually experience many health difficulties like asthma (anticipated to living in poorly ventilated house structures) and over weight (due to the lack of ability of parents to cover a diet rich in protein). Another issue of growing up in poverty is mental problems. This occurs to anticipated to stresses that accompany poverty stricken young families. These problems include; unemployment, divorce, loss of life, substance abuse etc. Anxiousness and depression thoughts are the final results of such situations and they can last to adult hood. Furthermore to lack of quality time from working parents who strive to make ends meet, children from poor people spent much of their time in low quality daycare centers. This could impact negatively on the emotional health (wisegeek, 2010).
Children form poor background often receive low quality education once in primary school because they are involved in a lot of motions or they are simply forced to wait cheap schools offering poor services. This will set up long-term repercussions to the child. If he can't learn properly in elementary school he will be affected even in senior high school and college. The lack of a university degree will ruin the rest of the lifetime of the kid as he will struggle a lot.
Teenagers form poor family members are most likely to indulge in drug abuse, risky promiscuous habit and alcohol. The indulgence in this will likely spur chains of other unlawful activities all this happen at the expense of learning and preparation for future life which their counterparts from affluent family members will be doing. This complicates their lives even further.
Solving generational poverty is issues because it could affect two to three generations. A family suffering from technology poverty will be so frustrated; they even create myths adjoining their poverty situation thus forming a culture of poverty that limits their likelihood of breaking through and developing successful. This might include indulging in unlawful acts like burglary. Because of poverty, children from individuals experiencing generational poverty develop up understanding that their present circumstances are fate determined in addition to factors that are beyond their control while those children fro m the center and upper class are trained how to concentrate on the future and the with their lives (wisegeek, 2010).
5. 2 Empirical books review
Rosenburg & Owens (2001) provides an example of low esteem persons drawn from the cases and the surveys. They discover that folks with low esteem are usually more very sensitive to any encounters that threaten to damage their esteem. Criticism troubles them most leading to them to react more emotionally to failure. Moreover, they easily magnify occurrences as negative and make non critical occurrences as critical. These people experience low social success due to inadequate social confidence.
High self-confidence people look for development while their counterparts, the reduced esteem people usually protect the esteem not wanting to make faults. Low home esteemed people tend to be pessimistic, distressed psychologically, less happy and troubled. Low esteemed people are rigid, indecisive and inflexible.
Self esteem and happiness are interrelated. High self-confidence fosters better physical health, good emotions, low depression, etc.
Abernathy T. Webster, and Vermeulen, M. (2010), using the Evans-Stoddart model, they reviewed the info on 1759 children of age 12-19. They discovered from the analysis that there is a relation ship between the income of people and medical and that the relationship is dependant on the communal environment including the differences in life styles, access to professional medical and low sense of self-confidence. The research entailed bivariate and multivariate which shown the positive romance between self esteem and mastery and physical exercises levels. Interpreting the conclusions, they discovered that low physical exercise experienced by children from poor individuals have impact negatively on the self esteem hence their health. To lessen the impact, insurance policies and programs that reduce poverty and raise the exercise o f such children should be set up. These policies wouldn't normally only boost the health of the kids but will also increases the degree of esteem that the kid has. This will translate into superior academic performance fro the children and so a brighter future (Abernathy, T. 2010).
In another study carried out by Trzcinski, E. (2004), he analyzed college children in Middle Ages and assessed the effects of welfare on their day to day activities and life. He undertook thirty interviews with children from metropolitan and large areas. He accumulated the views of children as regarding the impact of multiple jobs on the child-parent romance. His end result of the research was that the multiple jobs done by their parents at night time or in evening interfered with the child- parent relationship. He also discovered that children who influenced by these jobs went to college late and that the kids while at university were always teased about their poverty and welfare issues. Trzcinski, E. (2004), mentioned that this afflicted the performance of the kids at institution because children from urban and poor families were poor and for that reason their welfare was low. They could not afford lots of the things that those children from the well-off households could. He points out that this also damaged the child's mental physical condition (Trzcinski, E. 2004).
6. 0 Methodology
This research newspaper makes use of secondary data from secondary sources like the literature, journal articles, and the internet.
7. 0 Main studies and discussion
This research newspaper finds a major relation ship between the influences of poverty on child's self-esteem. Poverty has significant results to the kids via poor backgrounds. Regarding to Rani, (2006), many young families that were solo parents in India, these were poor. This is attributed to the inability of the moms to posses various useful skill that could assist them get good career. These mothers remained out late fending for his or her children. The children on the other palm were lest on their on. This makes the family members poor because the mom' income in is insufficient to appeal to the food, shelter and the clothing. The low social monetary situation of the family affects the kids psychologically. It is because; their parents cannot spend the money for better education, better health, communal services recreation among many other things. These children miss a lot. Their sense of self esteem is tampered with. They start to see themselves in a different position as less achievers. They can't think properly like their counterparts from well-off individuals. Socialization is hard because they're teased. As Trzcinski, E. 2004 found out, these children from poor back grounds are teased at school of the socio- monetary welfare. This just will serve to increase the pressure they have got on their self-confidence. They end up suffering from stress and depression. In, reality this talks about the senior high school drop out rates among children from poor individuals.
The poor family conditions impact the children's performance at school. Their counterparts out perform them shining in every aspect. There multiple reasons to clarify this. As Rani, (2006) pointed out, those children from solitary mother families are at double risks. They may have no person to supervise their academic work as the mother is too active. She leaves early and records I again ate. They are really independently doing every task at home and thus they have got less time to review. In addition they walk to class. Because of the strained financial condition of the family, their parents can only afford a cheap institution that offers low quality education. With no family socialization, these children develop into adulthood prepared with very little education and skills. Thus they'll still lead poor lives because they are simply less prepared to compete with all of those other children who are ready for future years.
In addition to these, poverty starts having its effects on the kid prom an unhealthy family from his beginning. As Guindon H. (2010) highlights, the parents of these children are poor therefore they can not afford health care insurance. They keep looking forward to pre-natal attention from cheap nursing homes. Because of the low quality of the assistance, they give birth to children in poor environment growing up with many complications like asthma diabetes etc. these poor conditions impact them as they grow up because the parents are poor and can not manage good nutritional diet with their children. The indegent conditions that the child grows in influences his self-confidence and rather than the kid growing up fighting poverty, he accepts it, and starts to feel that everything and every situation they go through is fate driven this low self-confidence if not fought hard, ends up with vicious cycle of poverty for a person. He'll be poor since borne to his death. As well as the poverty can exceed to another generation.
8. 0 Advice to be mindful low personal esteemed individuals
Social support: the state of hawaii should increase programs offering sociable support to the individuals with low self esteem. Relating to Guindon H. (2010), people who have strong cultural ties have high sense of self-confidence. Therefore, to raise a person's self esteem, one must increase a sense of owed.
Cognitive behavioral strategies: this can help reduce stress and depression as it increases the level of self esteem among schizophrenic patients. Assessments carried out revealed that techniques like relaxation, research skill and guided imagery lessen anxiety and raise the level of self-confidence in school students.
Individual, family or group strategies: one-on-one specific counseling increases self esteem thou, it should not be utilized on critical circumstances of low self-confidence. Family remedy should addresses issues like inadequate parenting styles and poor family performing. This can be useful in dealing with issues related to family dynamics (e. g. eating disorder).
Physical fitness strategy: Exercises especially sports activities help increase self-confidence. The result of exercises is most thought in children.
Other strategies like certainty strategies, solution concentrated therapy, narrative remedy, play therapy and creative arts are also used to increase self-confidence. In school going children especially, child focused lay remedy is highly recommended to alleviate the problems of low self esteem. However, the therapist should first understand the foundation of the reduced self esteem. Through this plan, parents and instructors are taught means of dealing with such circumstances as well as how to improve the child's autonomy, responsibility and preparing therapeutic restrictions.
The point out should come up with programs in reducing the permanent effects of poverty on the development children. Nourishment programs like the ladies, babies and children (WIC) should be urged to because they help nourish pregnant women and small children below the age of five with nourishing food. This includes offering of free pre-school to children from poor back again grounds.
9. 0 Conclusion
Poverty should be taken seriously. It really is impacting many children from poor backgrounds. Such children have low self esteem which ends up ruining their entire future life. Poor children from poor backgrounds do not do well in school anticipated to low self esteem. They also experience frequent circumstances of stress and depression. Most single mother people are poor. Frequencies of school dropouts are high in such poor people. Due to disappointment, they succumb to peer-pressure hence indulging in substance abuse and promiscuity. If the low esteem continues on in the lives of these children as they grow up, they could end up being poor and frustrated.
The condition should move fast to save and secure the continuing future of these children through sociable programs that are beneficial to them. Other non-governmental organizations should work hand in hand with the government in alleviating poverty and aiding the poor family members. Some of the programs that they ought to entail themselves with are diet programs, specific family strategies, conditioning strategies, social support and cognitive behavioral strategies among many others. These helps you to save the future technology.
Abernathy, T. , Webster, G. and Vermeulen, M. (2010). Relationship Between Poverty and Health Among Adolescents. Retrieved on February 23, 2010 from: http://www. ncbi. nlm. nih. gov/pubmed/12003291
Boden, J. , Ferguson, D. and Horwood, M. (2008). Does adolescent self-confidence predict later life outcomes? A test of the causal role of self-confidence. Development and psychology. 20, 319-339.
Dana, H. (2003). What are the Long Term Ramifications of Poverty? Retrieved on January 21, 2010
from http://www. wisegeek. com/what-are-the-long-term-effects-of-poverty. htm
Guindon, H. (2009). Self-confidence across lifespans: issues and interventions. Brunner-Routlegde USA
Kernis, M. , Grannemann, B and Mathis, C (1991). Balance of SELF-CONFIDENCE as a Moderator from the Relation Between Level of Self-Esteem and Depression. Journal of Personality and Public Mindset. 61, 80-84
Mclanahan, S. and Bumpass, L. (1988). Intergenerational repercussions of family disruption, North american journal of sociology 94 (1):130-152
Owens, T and Stryker S (2001). The future of self esteem. Extending self-confidence theory and research. NY Cambrige University Press.
Rani, I. (2006). Child Attention by Poor Solo Mothers: Study of Mom Headed People in India. Journal of Comparative Family studies 01.
Sandra, A. , & Josefina, F. (2002). Gender and poverty: Self-esteem among primary school
children. Journal of children and poverty, 2(1), 5-22.
Williams, S. (2007). Child poverty and Self Esteem. Retrieved on January 21, 2010 from
http://poverty. collection101. com/article. cfm/child_poverty_and_self_esteem
Sandra, W. (2007). Child Poverty and Self Esteem: How Poverty can Donate to Children's Negative Emotional Status. retrievd on February 23, 2010 from: http://poverty. collection101. com/article. cfm/child_poverty_and_self_esteem
Trzcinski, E. (2002). Middle School Children's Perceptions on Welfare and Poverty: An Exploratory, Qualitative Review. Journal of Family and Economic Issues, Vol. 23, 4.
Wisegeek, (2010). What exactly are the long term effects of poverty? Retrieved on February 22, 2010 from: http://www. wisegeek. com/what-are-the-long-term-effects-of-poverty. htm
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