Problems facing visually impared and blind people

In this chapter we have talked about the conclusion, implication in informatics, method analysis, result evaluation, choices to generalize and ideas for the continued research.


There are many problems for aesthetically impaired and blind people in world, they faces many type of hurdles in doing every day routine works, the hurdle of low vision not let them to be part of this society. In addition they feel embarrassment often while executing these tasks when they don't succeed in performing or doing them, because of their visual impairment insufficiency. It really is great blessing of God, if anyone have correctly 6/6 eye sights and you need to be thankful to God because of this. The aesthetically impaired user is like see your face whom we can say that lost his/her way on journey and do not know where as well as how to complete easy life. The humans are a distinct minded creation in the world; credited to which technology contributes a lot to fill this distance between modern culture and aesthetically impaired people. Daily advancements in the field of science introduces new systems for great things about normal and handicap folks to make the life easy and comfortable. The inventors also needs to keep this thing in head that the people who have aesthetic impairment and other type of disabilities should also be facilitated, because they are also part of population, we can't ignore them as a human being.

There are various kinds of hurdles during reservation of solution system for visually impaired and blind people. At the moment the existing ticketing systems are not adult enough for aesthetically impaired users. Only the normal users can be benefited out of the, whereas the aesthetically impaired customer needs help of other people. One can say very confidently that today's solution vending machines aren't user friendly for any type of users. In solution vending systems there are two important aspects for visually impaired users which can be how to feed data and the way to get the results.

The usability, actability user-centered aspects is highly recommended while the designing of ticketing machines for visually impaired users. The features of the solution vending system those are important for the visually impaired users are being used in prototypes which we've designed with display screen injections in appendix. We've used the real human avatar (interactive man-made agent) for the vocal connections with the users, which can interact in friendly environment with aesthetically impaired customer to complete the task of purchasing seat tickets. The user can therefore nourish data to the system and get the result from the device. The source and result functions should work in parallel way through the interaction of individual and machine. For the input to the machine there must be special keyboard (Braille) for aesthetically impaired users from which an individual can input to the system like user's name and other details. There must be information button on each webpage, so if the user is having any issue at any level, an individual can get the help any time during the discussion. The users who don't want to use the system with vocal conversation can use the zooming options to help make the things more noticeable for his or her understanding. The zooming option should also be accessible on every display screen interface.

Implications for Informatics

It is worth mentioning that the Implications for informatics, is the basic purpose to learn how solution vending system relates to the field of informatics, and how it would be helpful for the contemporary society. Our research area contributes a very important role in the field of informatics, because informatics deals with the field of development and use of information systems. Inside our thesis ticket reservation system is a container of information system, unnatural intelligence, & most important thing is the fact its foundation is based on informatics. You can say that the human beings are experts in informatics and have all the information and features of ticket reservation machine like how the user can talk to the machine, to find the price and buy ticket of every travel from any source to required destination, to find each bus or coach number, which way and agenda it uses, as well as time of each and every bus or coach. The primary goal is to provide services to the modern culture which includes people of handicapped contemporary society and make it possible for those to buy ticket with the aid of informatics.

The ticket reservation in addition has the same goal or activity as humans who are serving for 24 hours. To supply its service to the contemporary society, and give people information as well as option to buy solution from themselves without help of other person. As point out above, the ticketing machine offers you all the information and tickets about travelling from one city to another. It can let you know travel's starting and final timing as well as total travelling time, course, price of ticket and the as allows the payment. All this relates to processing which depends upon computers and this thing is also adding effects on the firms so we can say that the field is related to informatics and manufactured intelligence. Main reason for the informatics is to provide humanity and modern culture.

Our thesis is basically for the affect folks of contemporary society, and who can not be ignored at all. We can't say that the people who have physical deficit in their body are not area of the society. We think that these people tend to be more important than the standard human beings because they more deserved more care and attention because of their disability. We have to try to do something different to allow them to make their life easier because these folks have plenty of problem and feel themselves cut off from the modern culture. They shouldn't be allowed to feel that they are load on the modern culture. The informatics have a whole lot for the visually impaired people by filling the gap which been around between normal and visually impaired people, by giving many assistive technology for the disables. We also believe that, if we can not serve the humanity with the aid of informatics then it is unproductive for all of us.

Method Evaluation

The main reason for method progression is to straighten out appropriate properties of different subject area and connect them to our own research area. The techniques inside our research work and interview questions make it's possible for us to associate it to current and prior research works. For understanding the issues and challenges, related to our subject area, we used different concepts and ideas from different subject area and connect them with this work. We also coped with problem in merging those methods into our subject area as a whole. Sometime it shows common figure with one another, but the best methodology of satisfaction for us was to make it relate with the interviews and observations from aesthetically impaired users, that have been of great importance for us, often our thesis would be unproductive for us. For that people explained previously how we conducted interviews, that have been very successful according to your objectives, which also make it easy for us to merge and related to your research work.

To verify and make authentic theoretical research work, we conducted interviews and observations. Which make it possible for us to associate and collect it, with help of visually impaired and experienced end user of solution vending machines, those have some relation with related subject from one aspect or from other aspect. We received answers of all our questions which were necessary for us to fill up the gap of interaction between your system and an individual through interviews, observations and through research.

In theoretical research, we have suggested many subject areas to find the answers in our research questions. The theoretical research only right answers the question logically, but to obtain the answers practically. It is required to perform the empirical research.

In theoretical analysis the subject areas that people studied were almost all of the time relating to our research questions. We found it difficult to find any specific or same subject matter area related to your research. This might be because of the fact that nothing is discussed the ticketing machine for aesthetically impaired people. We feel this thing really lacking in the theoretical review.

For the confirmation of the aspects that were suggested in the theoretical review. We performed empirical analysis in form of interviews and observations. The empirical research was necessary, because we're able to not find any specific subject area in theoretical research. The interviews and observations were very good, and we are satisfied with them, but we feel that the amount of interviews and observations from the aesthetically impaired people was quite small. We think that we got the info that we required, it might be more appropriate that people could get more interviews and observations.

Result Evaluation

The analysis method that identified in chapter 2 was based on the


Data quality


The validity represents the subjective character of the data collection and the research. We produced some results from the theoretical analysis, validate them by the assistance of the empirical analysis, because we might have misinterpreted some aspects or are misinterpreted something during theoretical study that might not be the very fact in reality, so it is vital to validate the results. We have also validated the prototypes that we developed from few visually impaired people, to judge our final results, and the results were adequate for all of us because the users were satisfied, but it could be further superior.

The data quality shows us that data accumulated is in detailed and assorted enough to provide us with a complete picture of what is going on and what procedures are involved. We've tried to ensure the quality in the info with the aid of the theoretical research. In which we've tried to review up to we can, about the related subject areas. We have then conducted the empirical research and by the end we examined our results from the key actors (visually impaired) in the research to check the quality of the results.

Feedback is the most important part for the result analysis and validating the results of the conclusions, since there is always a opportunity of misinterpreting this is of what individuals say in the empirical part either by misunderstanding the answer of any question, during the interviews or by wrongly perceiving the observation. The Reviews will imply the gathering and the feedback about the conclusions from the members. We have tried out to check our interpretation seem sensible to the visually impaired people, by making them to go through by the prototypes and offer the feedback about how precisely they perceive such prototype.

Evaluation of any system includes two of types

Green package evaluation

Black container evaluation

Green box evaluation is the evaluation of each individual component of something. The analysis of a system as a whole is named as Black box analysis (Michael F. Mctear, 2002).

We cannot use dark box analysis or analysis of the system as a whole because our results are not working prototypes; they are just screen photos of any prototype. Instead, the evaluation of the average person components or specific screen shots is based on the answers of the evaluator, which is specified by evaluator and looking at that by our very own assumptions. We can not measure the results from any mathematical formula even as haven't used quantitative way. We have examined the results from our concentrate on groups and find the responses from the users, and then we made few minimal changes according with their feedback.

"It is important that the study is guided by good ethics and that a survey has a high ethical value. "(Ann Lind, 2005) i. e. it is very important for the researcher should not add or remove some parts for the analysts' own goal, because that might leads to the aspects which are not real or apart from the facts. (Ann Lind, 2005). It is our duty to check out good ethical prices during the review especially when we made interviews and observations because a few of the respondents were not normal humans, they have some disabilities. We've made this thing sure to the users that the respondent will be placed anonymous and we don't feel that our analysis is damaged by this truth.

Possibilities to Generalize

The reason for our research work is to make consciousness in researchers they can concentrate on aesthetically impaired or blind people as well for the people with other disabilities. There are plenty of interactive solution machines for the standard people but there is no option for specific people with disabilities. It really is good for modern culture as well for the organizations to improve up their business. It can benefit different business organization also, but the misfortune is that they have no bills or good ideas or you can say no focus on handicapped people. The results can be utilized at cash machines, solution vending machines, information kiosks, charity kiosk machines, rental kiosks, internet kiosks and printing kiosk machines etc. The firms can merge these ideas into different kiosk machines to make their business at peak as well as serve humanity and society. Our thesis has both tangible and intangible investments matching to business aspects as well as for the world. We assume that our little but sincere efforts can induce researches to do something much better than our work practically.

Ideas for continuing research

For continue research relating to your idea, there are many things which remain have a big gap between visually impaired people and machine as well as world. Further research is required to make idea appropriate and bring under the consumption of aesthetically impaired people. It is not easy to focus on all issues related to the visually impaired people. On the theory about this specific kind of solution kiosk machines for specific kind of people, we suggest that the machines should be at their attention centers where in fact the visually impaired people put in most of the time of your day, so they can get acquainted with it and can simply tackle that how it works. When there is machine for these people to provide them and if they are unfamiliar with it, it will create problems for the coffee lover while connecting with it, for first-time and for whenever they will use it. To invent something is not a large effort but the question that the way the user would use that invention

The idea, which we've leave out since it might not easily fit into our current investigation is that to place these prototypes in real working machines, so that it could work and provide the humans and contemporary society almost. We also wish to accomplish the same kind of work with all or most types of handicapped people, which was not possible for all of us this time around.

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