Restratification of society in the context of globalization...

Restriction of society in the context of globalization

Almost all researchers of globalization note that it brings to life new forms of social stratification. Under the influence of globalization, new grounds for dividing people into groups occupying a different place in the social hierarchy are emerging.

The re-ratification of society in the context of globalization is fundamentally different from the class division of the period of industrial modernity, because the loss of the importance of the institutions of taxation, social security, the national state leads to a decrease in the internal level of social integration, even within the prosperous social states of Europe.

There are fewer intermediary links within the social system that unite the poor and the rich and ensure their dialogue, consent, mutual legitimation. The socioeconomic system ceases to be a single whole, the poles of which are the poor and the rich, they, according to W. Beck, from now on "sit at different tables", and between them there are fewer and fewer links and opportunities for communication.

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Local attachment and high mobility as a key factor in social stratification in the context of globalization

Most researchers of the social consequences of globalization agree that the new factor of social stratification is, on the one hand, local attachment , on the other - high mobility , actual independence from space global actors.

While the poor remain attached to local economic and social spaces and are forced to survive their degradation with them, the rich freely break all local ties and change their place of residence and work, as well as investing their capital. At the same time, the essence of the concept of social responsibility of capital changes: without being connected with the local community, it can no longer be compelled to show concern for it. Z. Bauman emphasizes: "The cancellation of space-time distances under the influence of technology does not promote the uniformity of human conditions of life, but, on the contrary, leads to their sharp polarization. It frees some people from territorial restrictions and will exterritorialize certain ideas forming the society - simultaneously depriving the territory to which other people are still attached, its values ​​and the ability to confer on them a special identity. For some it portends an unprecedented release from physical obstacles and an unprecedented ability to move and act "remotely." For others, this means the impossibility of mastering and "domestication" of the terrain, "break away" from which and move to another place they have almost no chance. When "distances no longer matter", the terrains separated by these distances are also lost ... Someone can now leave the terrain - and, anyway, - when it pleases. The rest are helplessly watching how the terrain - their only place of residence - is getting out of the foot. "

H. Bauman characterizes social groups formed as a result of the migration-locality retreat as "tourists" and vagabonds & quot ;. Tourists are representatives of a new, international in composition, global elite and close-to-peer groups in terms of income (businessmen, managers, cultural figures, scientists, etc.) who freely move around the world at will, who live in " time ", since any spaces for them are easily overcome and therefore are equivalent. They travel, because the whole world opens to them equally as hospitable and attractive, and in this sense all local terrains are equivalent. Drifter turn out to be those for whom their own homeland was suddenly "unbearably inhospitable." These are forced migrants who go on the road, not because they want it, but because it is already impossible to stay in place. However, as Z. Bauman observes, being, in essence, the "alter ego" tourists, they are at the same time in a globalized environment are fundamentally unequal. It is characteristic that laws on migration, on citizenship, restricting the free movement of social groups-outsiders of globalization, are adopted practically in the whole world, which promotes the free flow of money, information, commodity flows. 3. Bauman emphasizes that the localization of some social groups, opposed to the mobility of others, aggravates social inequality and is a natural consequence of globalization.

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