Social Stratification in South Africa

Keywords: Community stratification, South Africa, gender inequality, poverty


Social stratification can be explained as a form of social inequity that involves the ranking of individuals into hierarchies regarding to their riches and status and thus succeeding in the forming of distinct social teams (Haralambos & Holborn, 2004:1). Before 1994, this is an enormous and worrying problem in South Africa as instances of gender inequality, inequality in education systems, racial inequality and many other forms of interpersonal prejudice were becoming more and more severe. However, following the introduction of a fresh democratic population, the Southern African administration has been slowly and gradually reforming the inequalities of the past and attempting to avoid the occurrences of public stratification in general. This essay will discuss the various attempts made by the government to prevent social stratification. In particular, it will give attention to the reasons why the government carried out these specific programs, what they aimed to attain when employing them, as well as the results of these programmes and the effects on the Southern African world.

Gender Inequality in South Africa

As the years have approved, the situation of gender inequality is becoming a lot more severe in South Africa. In the past, a women's place was known to be in the kitchen while the man's work was to hunt and struggle battles in the areas. Both genders group had a particular role on the success of their homes and societies. By today's criteria, these traditional African culture exercises have emerged as unfair, yet the issue of gender inequality has worsened since then (Bwakali, 2001). Women are regarded as discriminated against, being frequently sexually harassed, plus they generally get a lower income than men because they're not seen as important elements compared to males in the business world. It is known that, in South Africa, a rape occurs every thirty-six moments, one in every three women is within an abusive romantic relationship, and a woman is wiped out by her spouse every six days and nights (Maharaj, 1999). Clearly, this is a serious issue that needs to be dealt with urgently and with immediate effect.

The Government's Plan to Alleviate Gender Inequality

The Southern African government will numerous countrywide and global commitments and commitments which want it to uphold gender equality within the united states and make sure it is achieved within society all together. South Africa is lawfully compelled to check out the steps specified in the US Convention on the Eradication of all Types of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) to ensure that there surely is a process being followed to be able to attain gender equality in South Africa (Sadie & Loots, 1998). A good example of some of the changes made to eradicate gender inequality in South Africa is the empowerment of women in the work place, the usage of greater education and training to boost the volume of opportunities for ladies in society, as well as the stressing of the importance of female health insurance and well-being which include greater varieties of punishment for violence against women and also greater usage of health facilities available.

Poverty in South Africa

Poverty levels in South Africa continue being very high. No significant change has occurred because the inception of our own country's new democratic world, and the problem of poverty is now worse and worse as the years pass by. With only a 5. 7 percent reduction in poverty over the first twelve year period of South Africa's new democracy, almost half South Africa's population are in extreme poverty. Due to the inequality regarding income levels, there is a wide gap between the rich and the poor of your country and the unemployment rates in South Africa are up to 40 percent. This communal stratification of the rich and the poor is causing great problems between our population and resulting in higher criminal offense rates and cultural violence issues (Luyt, 2008).

The Alleviation of Poverty in South Africa

In order for the high poverty levels in South Africa to be significantly lowered, the specific dimensions and causes of poverty have to be looked at first, since this would allow the government to use specific actions to ease the various forms of poverty. With out a good form of authority, poverty won't be successfully reduced. Thus far, our federal government has provided housing, water, sanitation, electrification, health and education to some of the country's disadvantaged areas and peoples. Also, to alleviate the problem of crime credited to high unemployment levels, the government is assisting in job creation for the indegent in governmental services and providing skills development training for the uneducated (Luyt, 2008).

Overall Changes in South Africa's Society

All in every, the federal government is wanting to prevent the occurrence of communal stratification within the South African society but this isn't an extremely easy activity. Although the federal government has provided certain disadvantaged communities with essential needs, there is still a great deal of work to be done to completely break down the social hierarchies within our country regarding gender and poverty. There are many complaints that not enough has been done to improve South Africa's cultural status since 1994, but even the indegent citizens have more advantages than their own families did a era ago. The federal government has provided assistance to millions of South African people with the benefits of social programs, and also providing property and electricity (Eisner, 2009).


Therefore, even although occurrences of cultural stratification never have been completely eradicated from South Africa, the government has been hard at the job and attempting their utmost better to provide its individuals with basic and essential needs such as housing, electricity, health care. Etc. Many are cynical about the improvement that South Africa has made because the end of the Apartheid period because they're either still moving into poverty or have not liked the benefits associated with surviving in a democratic contemporary society. However, change cannot be expected to happen instantaneously, of course, if given a few years South Africa can be changed into a great and powerful democratic population with equality for many.

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