Stages of the political process - Fundamentals of...

Stages of the political process

The analysis of the political process allows us to distinguish in its structure, first, partial (composite) political processes, or groups of relatively independent political actions, forming in their totality the movement of political life as a whole, and secondly, the stages (phases, stages) in changing the state of political reality. In various sources, as a rule, four phases of successive changes in the state of sociopolitical systems are indicated, or, in other terms, "four modes of the political process": 1) constitution, the formation of the political system; 2) the functioning of the existing political system; 3) development of the political system; 4) the stage of decay, disintegration of the political system. Being complementary, these stages retain, however, the inherent characteristics of each of them, fulfill their own purposes and are carried out by specific methods of political action.

The stage of constituting the political system is one of the most important in the development of the political process. Usually it coincides with a critical, revolutionary period in the development of society, when the legitimacy of the power of some socio-political forces is lost and the dominant position is occupied by other forces. These new forces create a new political system that meets their needs, in which their will is carried out by qualitatively different authorities and other political institutions. At the same time, the old legal norms are being replaced by new norms, which reinforce the newly emerged institutions of power, other elements of the political system, as well as the entire changed system of social relations.

The content of the political life of society in the period when the old political system is being transformed into a new one is defined as a complete revision of the constitution. The very constitution of the state itself acts as a legal and democratic way of legitimizing political power and all its institutions. The rootedness of the new political system directly depends on the ability of the instituted institutions to respond to the needs of society. Conversely, difficulties in approving new political institutions may indicate their artificiality, artificiality, non-compliance with social experience and the needs of social development.

The stage of functioning of the political system coincides with a stable period of social development, when the dominant social groups occupy a firm position among other socio-political forces. At this stage of the political process, functions are performed to reproduce and support the activities of already existing state bodies, political parties, and public organizations. Such procedures, in effect, are all kinds of elections, congresses and conferences of political parties and public organizations, meetings of representative bodies of power, etc.

At the stage of functioning of the political process, its participants are also reproduced as speakers of certain political positions and interests, holders of the corresponding views and beliefs, certain stereotypes of political behavior. To understand the essence of this stage of the political process, it is important to take into account that the political system is not built from itself: it is constantly reproduced by existing social and political forces in society as an instrument for expressing and realizing their interests.

The stage of development of the political system comes in the period of a certain regrouping in the alignment of political forces. At this stage of the political process, partial changes occur in the system of state organs, the reform of the activities of political parties and public organizations. The changes in the structures and mechanisms of power lead the policy of the ruling group to a new level, allowing to give answers adequate to the challenge of time. Such political changes mean that the ruling circles are looking for goals, forms and methods of governance that correspond to the current changes in the social structure and the changing balance of political forces within the country and in the international arena. The stage of development of the political system is accompanied by a confrontation of various currents and tendencies, which ultimately lead to an increase in adaptability, the correspondence of power structures to external social conditions.

The stage of decline of political systems coincides with the growth of social forces claiming new forms of organizing political life and society as a whole. In this case, the direction of the dynamics of the political process has a negative character in relation to the existing institutions of power. Destructive tendencies prevail over constructive, constructive tendencies; the disintegration of the regime of government is irreversible. As a result, decisions made by the ruling group lose their managerial ability, and the group itself - its legitimacy. A typical example of the political process in the stage of political system decline is the development of the USSR in the 1980s and the beginning of the 1990s, when the ruling circles tried unsuccessfully to find answers to the socioeconomic and spiritual demands of the time.

The duration in time of each of these stages of the political process can be different. It depends on a number of objective and subjective factors. The most important of these factors are: the nature of the historical period in the development of the country; degree of development of the political culture of society; the depth of existing social contradictions; the political maturity of social actors; influence of external political forces. For example, the stage of constituting a political system is not a one-time act, it ends when the new political forces become stronger. The stages of reproduction and development of the political system can alternate with each other and last as long as you like. The stage of decline can also be stretched for years, decades and even centuries. The beginning of the next cycle in the political process is connected with the change of the subject of political power and the complete breakdown of the former political system.

Also We Can Offer!

Other services that we offer

If you don’t see the necessary subject, paper type, or topic in our list of available services and examples, don’t worry! We have a number of other academic disciplines to suit the needs of anyone who visits this website looking for help.

How to ...

We made your life easier with putting together a big number of articles and guidelines on how to plan and write different types of assignments (Essay, Research Paper, Dissertation etc)