The cause and ramifications of the feminine menopause

"One of the greatest assets which we can make is to invest in health; for there is absolutely no other investment like itâ. Health is life insurance, success and pleasure"

-Mahatma Gandhi

The wise girl tradition looks for to heal the whole individual. The principal techniques entail nourishing the woman through storytelling, simple service and dietary herbal selections. The "mysteries" of any woman's body - puberty, menstruation, pregnancy, lactation and menopause - have emerged as times of electricity and growth. Menopause can be an opportunity for mindful change, not really a disease to be treated.

The change of life. The end of fertility. The start of flexibility. Whatever people call it, menopause is a distinctive and personal experience for each and every woman. The joy of menopause is the world's best-kept top secret â. to be able to claim that joy a woman must be willing to move beyond the monsters that shield its gate. Because you stand at the brink than it, it can look that only darkness, danger and delay lie beyond. But as a large number of women from all ethnicities throughout record have widespread to one another. It's the most exciting passage a woman ever makes. As being a third of any woman's life will maintain her postmenopausal period, it is essential that she recognizes and manages this era, makes some alterations and enjoys ideal health.

Puberty and menopause are mysteries that each woman encounters. Puberty seems to be about beginnings and menopause about endings but both encompass fatality and birth, damage and emergence. Puberty is the finish of the kid and the start of the fertile women, whereas menopause is the finish of the mom and the beginning of the smart elder (Crone). Puberty and menopause are both essential for maturation and both are times of physical, mental and religious upheaval.

There is another viewpoint, one that does not see supplemental hormones as a useful or healthy. One which does not see women as victims of menopause, It really is called the smart woman tradition. Out of this view, menopause sometimes appears as normal, healthy and scared not just for ladies but also for society as a whole. The concentration is on nourishing the complete woman, aiding her ability to create the human hormones she needs somewhat than offering so- called substitutes. Menopausal women are encouraged to honor and value their changing body and to use menopause as a time for intense introspection and personal progress. Postmenopausal women are understood to be critical to the health of the culture. Menopause is seen not as a disease but as a survival advantage.

Menopause is derived from Latin words "meno" means months and "pausia" means halt respectively. Menopause really signifies the end of any woman's amount of natural fertility. Menopause is often defined as the permanent cessation of menstruation caused by loss of ovarian follicular activity and the lack of menses after the climacteric changes of amenorrhea as proof.

This menopause influences the fitness of the women not only bodily, also psychologically, socially. They are likely to undergo more from the stigmatization and behaviour of ageing following the reproductive phase. Furthermore, when they enter this menopause phase they experience low interpersonal status and lessening sexual desire due to the advancing age. They lack in terms of income, position, power in accordance with men. Furthermore, women's physical and mental condition during this level of life will have a significant influence on her behalf old age of life (David & Norman, 2000).

As women age, there health will be affected by many factors such as profession, changes in the house life, dietary routine, physical activity, monetary status, her society and the environment. The normal process of maturing and these changes as well as hormone changes in the reproductive system have an impact on the welfare of women.

In 1990, 476 million of postmenopausal women were reported across the world, where 40% stay in the industrialized world. It is predicted that total number of postmenopausal ladies in 2030 will roughly 1200 million in the world and the proportion of those moving into the developing world increase to 76%. In East Asian region the available data from 1989 to 1992 postulated the percentages of human population above 45 years is ranged from 15. 3 to 24%. (WHO, 2002)

Women in India go through menopause equally as women do anywhere else in the world. India has typically ignored women's medical issues including menopause however now interesting changes are occurring. Indian women face many sociable and cultural issues in their life. The symptoms of menopause can vary greatly from female to woman. As per the Indian menopause modern culture (2008) the average era of attaining menopause for Indian women is 47. 5 years. Indian women who is surviving in rural area 72 % are having general body pains and aches which is principally impairing their quality of life.

Various studies have proved that the last three generations of female life are dominated by two types of health disorders greatly impairing the quality of their life. Both of these categories are gynecological disorders and postmenopausal problems. Women needs all sorts of health support after reproductive stage mainly for menopause, but regrettably these services are not available to most of them, in rural options (Bhattacharya, 2006)

It is noticeable that almost all of medical services are centering towards women of childbearing age and she receives less attention even from the public health care services once she journeys from the childbearing era. Menopause is a vital point in one's life where the woman faces number of health problems. As ageing and menopause jointly over burden the women's health, it is necessary to start our eye towards this populace. Previously majority of the women did not live long enough for the symptoms to be fatal. All of this adds up to a distinctive and growing problem for the public healthcare services, since the majority of the women as of this age group don't possess spouse to care for them you live alone with medical problems which may have not been effectively addressed.

Society has only been facing the problems of life beyond the menopause for a comparatively short time. Research is now concentrating on factors that completely impact the physical and psychological areas of menopause and ageing. Women today are anticipated to reside 1/3 with their lives after their reproductive years, or one-half of these adult life. In that case, preventive healthcare and healthy life style habits and practices can only be the great support to enhance the quality of life in their old age (Young kin & Davis, 2004).


Menopause signals the end of an era for many women. It concludes their ability to reproduce, and some women find evolving age, altered tasks, and these physiologic changes to be mind-boggling events that could precipitate depression and nervousness (Kessenich, 2007).

With the increasing of life time women in western cultures, majority of the women can expect to reside in one third of these lives after the reproductive years. As women age, many experience transitions that displays issues, such as changing health, work, marital position, that require adaptation. Nowhere is this truer than with the changes associated with menopause. In the United States most women experience menopause through the past due forties and early on fifties; the median age is around 51 years (Andersons 2007).

In India the average life span of women was 31 Years in line with the census conducted 4 Years after freedom, in 1951, which got considerably risen to 61 years by the entire year 1991. Which means that women will live about a quarter to 1/3 of her life in postmenopausal phase. By the entire year 2025, it's estimated that approximately 165 million women will maintain the age group of above 60 years. (Indian menopause contemporary society, 2006). Using the increased life span, today's women however must adjust to the issues in recovery of her life.

The popular perception that an early on menarche predispose to a past due menopause is not substantiated. Unlike menarche the common time of menopause continued to be about the same since the dark ages. It encompasses the time of changing ovarian activity before menopause and the few years of amenorrhea.

One of the major physiological happenings in a women's life is menopause. Cessation of menses, which often occurs between the era of 45 and 55 years, is universal, apparent, and unpreventable. The hormonal changes of the climacteric, primarily the decline in ovarian estrogen production, express in the menopause. When women address menopause their menstrual cycle begin to improve and becomes unusual which is a sign of unstable ovulation that cause unusual release of the hormones estrogen and progesterone resulting in symptoms associated with menopause ( Krantz, 2007).

Although all women have similar hormone changes with menopause, the knowledge of each girl is inspired by age, social background, health kind of menopause, child bearing dreams and marriage. Women may view menopause as a significant change in their life, either positive, such as liberty from difficult, dysmenorrhea or the necessity for contraception or negative, such as sense "old" and loss of child bearing capability.

A report with a non Governmental organization in Gujarat was uncovered that the majority of the ladies were having less understanding about menopause as well as didn't pay much attention to it. "For many women, menopause signifies freedom from communal and religious constraints and from intimate harassment" (as cited in Bhavadam, 1999).

Cultural announcements also influence individual women's conception of menopause. Many women have accepted, whereas other see menopause as the first rung on the ladder to later years and affiliate with it to the loss of attractiveness, physical capability and energy. As well as the physical changes some sociable and mental health changes also occurs which may affect the wellbeing of the menopausal women. In ethnicities where postmenopausal women gain status, such as India, the Far East, and the southern pacific Islands, despair among postmenopausal women is not detected (Shifren & Schiff, 2007)

A study conducted by Sivakami & Shyamala (2005) predicated on the Country wide Family Health review - 2 data has shown that the age of menopause differs across different state governments of India. Around 11% of women are located to maintain menopause who is one of the age group of < 40 years, unlike developed countries where women pierce in to menopause throughout their fifth 10 years of life. In Indian women are experiencing menopause from their early forties itself, in that way they are exposed to more amount of postmenopausal time and its associated problems. Hence it is a lot needed to focus on the health of the menopausal women to improve their standard of living.

As the average life expectancy for women increases, the amount of women getting and moving into menopause has escalated. A lot of the women may be prepared to spend more than 1/3 with their life will be in postmenopausal period. It really is usually designated by the changes happening after menopause (Curran & Bachmann, 2006).

Many women go through the menopause without untoward symptoms. These women stay effective and in a sound body with little interruption with their daily routines. The ability deal with any stress entails three factors: the individuals perception of the event, support systems, and coping mechanisms. Nurses can play a significant role in supporting menopausal women by educating and counselling them about the multitude of possibilities for disease reduction, treatment for menopausal symptoms, and health campaign during the time of menopausal change in their life, and nurses can help to get this to opportunity as possible (Kessenich, 2007).

Dr. Meeta Singh on world menopause day held in New Delhi said that even though consciousness about menopause keeps growing, most Indian women have a brief history of self-denial and overlook. A prepared component an information brochure about the menopause was presented with to the women in India and responses was extracted from the ladies about their understanding about menopause and it was found that most of the ladies were not very well proficient in menopause and legends such as menopause being a 'disease' rather than a natural happening were gladly presumed. It was discovered that even informed women assumed that sick health was an integral part of menopause (as cited in Lal, 2006).

Health care professional should bear in mind that, the postmenopausal women might be hesitant to raise questions about some problems spontaneously. However, menopause is time frame where in fact the women need to concentrate on herself and her needs. The first step is to make her understand about the physical and psychological changes which may be ahead for her (Borrego & Forteza, 2005). So that it is important to handle medical issues confronted by menopausal women also should be motivated to seek healthy way of life and medical help to take charge of their health.

International menopause culture (IMS), in collaboration with the entire world Health Company (WHO) has designated October 18 as world menopause day. In observation of your day, the IMS and council of affiliated menopause societies launched regulations that support research workers and research in the region of menopausal health. The general public health care system does not recognize the special health needs of old women. There has been intensive research on menopause in the Western world but in India, just a few institutes have acknowledged the probable of research about them (as cited in Bhavadam, 1999).

Research to examine the quality of life during postmenopausal period can help in enhancing and maintaining the nice health of the ladies. As the menopause occurs at a deliberate time whenever a woman's communal support can be withdrawing, research is known as necessary to discover is preventive health care can have a significant impact on a woman's quality of life.

Women surviving in rural area are either unwilling to seek medical help, struggling to get services from the private sector or they just disregard their postmenopausal problem. Therefore, the investigator acquired an goal to assess their standard of living among the ladies who are from the rural area to boost their standard of living by administering a home instructional module on coping strategies.


A descriptive review to assess the quality of life of postmenopausal women and in a view to develop self-instructional module on coping strategies in determined rural area at Madurai district - 2010.


The aims of the analysis are

1. To examine the quality of life of postmenopausal women

2. To find out the association between your quality of life with preferred demographic variables of postmenopausal women such as time, family income, kind of family and job.

3. To develop a self-instructional module on coping strategies


H1- You will see a significant association between the quality of life and chosen demographic factors of postmenopausal women such as get older, family income, kind of family and profession.


Quality of life

In this research, quality of life identifies the perceived level of satisfaction noticed by the postmenopausal women about their life in terms of physical, emotional, environmental and communal domain evaluated by using WHOQOL-BREF standardized scale.

Postmenopausal women

In this study postmenopausal woman, refers to who has accomplished menopause and the previous menstrual period is no less than 1 year rather than more than 5 years and who belong to the age band of 45 to 55 years.

Self-instructional component on coping strategies

In this analysis it identifies well designed written information for the postmenopausal women, that they can read by themselves and understand the definition of menopause, health problems, and strategies in reduced amount of menopausal problems.


Qualities of life during menopausal period change from person to person.

Satisfaction in all four domains contributes on good standard of living.

Change in quality of life is more common among postmenopausal women.

A community health nurse being a unique quantity of the health care and attention team can identify the menopausal problems and can further give them the guidelines to cope with the problems.


Study was limited to the women who were unable to verbalize all their problems.

Study was limited by the women who are prepared to supply the written information

Study was limited by the women who had been more than 55 years of age.


The result of the analysis would help the investigator to evaluate the quality of life of postmenopausal ladies in rural area and raises understanding about the quality of life among postmenopausal women. The study results will be helpful for the investigator to get ready a self-instructional component on coping strategies to be followed by the postmenopausal women. It might be ideal for the nurses to identify the kind of support, guidance and counselling, education needed for the clients attaining menopause.

Also We Can Offer!

Other services that we offer

If you don’t see the necessary subject, paper type, or topic in our list of available services and examples, don’t worry! We have a number of other academic disciplines to suit the needs of anyone who visits this website looking for help.

How to ...

We made your life easier with putting together a big number of articles and guidelines on how to plan and write different types of assignments (Essay, Research Paper, Dissertation etc)