The Contradiction of Global and Local in Modern Development - Economic Sociology

Contradiction of global and local in modern development

Globalization as the "reverse side" of the globalization also signifies a contradiction between the global and local levels of economic activity, in which the global develops at the expense of the local, and this latter provides him with all possible resistance.

Globalization not only destroys the previous local levels of community, but also causes the destruction of local economies and economic cultures, the degradation of labor, the destruction of unique economic experience due to the invasion of more powerful economic actors or the inclusion in the system of global financial and production ties. Even in the time of the East India Company, the colonial invasion caused deformation of the traditional economic structures and industries of India (mass ruin of weavers, etc.). The answer was the growth of "Indian economic nationalism", which in the early 20th century. resulted in active, albeit non-violent, campaigns to protect local producers and boycott imported goods. Economic confrontation has become an important part of the national liberation struggle, and the national bourgeoisie and small producers are its active participants.

At the turn of XX-XXI centuries. The destruction of local economic worlds occurs according to the following main vectors:

1) the degradation and disappearance of unique traditional economic structures that are unable to compete with technologically more sophisticated modern industries that are transferred from developed countries to the "Center" to the periphery;

2) structural deformation of local economies due to their integration into global economic relations, leading to an increase in unemployment, loss of the accumulated technical and technological potential. This trend applies not only to the Peripherals and Semi-peripheries of the world economy, but also of the developed countries of Western Europe, from which the output in the "Peripheral" regions with cheaper labor. At the same time, the priorities are not those industries and industries that are necessary for the balanced development of the local economy, raising the standard of living of the population, and the most profitable for the world economic center ";

3) periodic financial crises, provoked by the games of major international speculators. They are also affected not only by the growing economies of the Semi-periphery, but also by developed countries, as in the 1990s. XX century. Japan and the United Kingdom;

4) strengthening of shadow and criminal forms of economic activity, ranging from various kinds of violations of labor laws, illegal or semi-legal financial transactions, "laundering" money and ending with such directly criminal types of business as drug trafficking, prostitution and porn industry, trade in organs and "live goods"; and so on;

5) The destruction of the institutional and social foundations of the economy, involving not only countries "Periphery" and "Semi-peripheries", where the destruction of traditional interpersonal relationships, solidarity, mutual support and protection relationships, but also of the developed countries "Center", which together with jobs in cheaper regions "go away" and taxes. The openness of the world economic space allows actors of large businesses to place production and pay taxes in the most "cheap" regions, but at the same time to buy real estate, invest, live, educate children where there is a more developed and stable social and cultural infrastructure, in fact, nothing for it. At the same time, the population of developed countries - primarily Western Europe - not only is deprived of jobs and financial income, but is also forced to bear a heavier tax burden in order to maintain the familiar (and so attractive for others) level of security, social security, culture; >

6) the destruction of the local unity of the society, uniting the poor and the rich as the two poles of the social and economic hierarchy. At the same time, the rich form a transnational class that is one as belonging to global social and economic institutions - TNCs, international organizations, and in the way of life, due to high incomes. It is the rich that become available to the benefits represented by the process of globalization: information, high mobility and accessibility of movements around the world, modern services, etc. The poor are tied to the local socio-economic spaces, from which former social goods and jobs leave, and they can not really follow the movement. If, during the period of capitalism, the poor from the ruining villages left for factories and plants in the city, then in the period of globalization, factories and factories go from one region of the world to another where they use local cheaper labor;

7) the degradation of endogenous economic crops, which occurs as a result of the intrusion of the "global economic man" and its specific, focused on pure and maximum profit, rationalism. Invading the space of original, for the weakened civilizations of the South, the global economic culture is not so much tightens to its level, as it turns out to be a factor accelerating the degradation of their own spiritual and ethical foundations of economic activity.

The most dangerous consequence of the destruction of local socio-cultural and economic entities in the context of globalization is the growth of fundamentalist - religious, nationalistic, etc. - trends that at the beginning of the XXI century. became more and more extremist and violent in nature. International terrorism has become increasingly interpreted as the "war of the poor against the rich," taking new forms instead of traditional forms of class and social struggle.

thematic pictures

Also We Can Offer!

Other services that we offer

If you don’t see the necessary subject, paper type, or topic in our list of available services and examples, don’t worry! We have a number of other academic disciplines to suit the needs of anyone who visits this website looking for help.

How to ...

We made your life easier with putting together a big number of articles and guidelines on how to plan and write different types of assignments (Essay, Research Paper, Dissertation etc)