The aims of the paper are measure the research approaches used and methodology used in assigned research reports. Moreover, represent and point out the talents and weaknesses of reports.
Social research is a study of culture and it purposes are exploring, describing or describing the social phenomena. Thus, there are major methodological approaches which can be quantitative approach and qualitative procedure.
Firstly, matching to Alan Bryman (2008), the quantitative research can be construed as a study strategy which emphasis the quantification in collection and evaluation data and consists of a deductive method of the partnership between theory and research that your accent is put on the theories testing. Moreover, it has incorporated the tactics and norms of the natural methodical model and of positivism specifically and there is an external, objective, cultural reality (or entity). Objective reality is out there beyond the human mind (researcher).
Secondly, qualitative research can be construed as a study strategy which emphasis in what in collection and research data and involves an inductive method of the relationship between your theory and the study which emphasis is put the technology of ideas. Thus, it includes rejected the practice and norms of the natural medical model and focus on individuals interpret the public world. There is absolutely no absolute external, objective, social actuality (or entity) which is constituted by the way the human brain (researcher) perceives, thinks, interprets or experiences about it.
Furthermore, the most common methodologies within the public research include experiments, study, in-depth Interview, participant observation
- Youth-this research seeks to research the factors conductive to the success of teenagers growing up in low-income people and exam the factors that help them to their lives from failure, poverty and communal exclusion. In addition, it identifies a range of signals and necessary conditions for the positive development of them. Thus, measure the way which the functions of service participation, friendship networks and various family factors support them in different areas.
- Youth-the research focus on the effects of service contribution, friendship systems, and family support on developmental results in a report of teenagers from low-income households in Hong Kong. On this research, there are three research hypotheses as follow, first of all, a young person who has received vocational training, services provided by sociable staff or other supporting experts will have increased opportunity for positive development despite his/her deprived family backdrop. Secondly, a young one who has better camaraderie systems will have a larger opportunity for positive development despite his/her deprived family. Last but not least, a person with better family support will have a greater opportunity for positive development despite his/her deprived family history.
- Youth-In this research survey, it used the study research. According to Earl Babbie (2008), the review research is the favorite sociable research method which is the administration of questionnaires to a sample of respondents preferred from some inhabitants which is befitting making descriptive studies of greater people. Thus, the questionnaires can be implemented through the self-administered questionnaires, face-to-face interviews or mobile phone surveys. Because of this report, the research used the quantitative study of 405 teenagers recruited from the colleges and integrated youth service centres in Hong Kong. Furthermore, as the researcher investigates the factors based on the youth development indicators that happen to be according to the scholars, therefore, this research study used the deductive analysis which is a form of reasoning in conclusions are developed about particulars from basic or universal premises.
- Youth-In this survey, researcher used the survey as the tool in interpersonal research. Relating to Babbie (2008), the review includes a question which is either open-ended or close-ended and employs an oral or written way for requesting these questions. The purpose of a study is to gain information from the picked group and the effect is used to investigate the interpersonal phenomena. Thus, in this survey, a quantitative study of 405 teenagers from the low-income family members was conducted to explore the factors highly relevant to their development and success. Also, the respondents were between 17 to 21 years of age -the critical a long time from teenage transit to young adulthood. Therefore, the result can investigate the factors conductive to the success of teenagers growing up in low-income family members and exam the factors that help them to their lives from failing, poverty and communal exclusion
- Youth-In the results of research statement, over a fifty percent of the respondents were female, their average years is 18. 33 years and around 55% are completed older supplementary education and 36% has matriculation certification. Also, the majority of the respondents are students at the time of the data collection. For the family record of respondents, most of their parents are low educated and employed, residing in public housing and low-income. Thus, the effect proved that receipt of public work service has results on academic success, work performance and mental health. FURTHERMORE, the data shown that the size of friendship networks possessed a significant positive effect on work performance and showed that having more friends with better educational accomplishment, high employee status and positive cultural experience contributed to pro-social behavior. Finally, it examined the prediction of youth development caused by various factor that parents' material status possessed significant positive influence on respond
- ents' financial adequacy and their social behaviour.
Youth-In this survey, it can be used the quantitative procedure as the study methodology and used the study as the tool in the research. As the researcher established the quantitative survey and hypothesis for given subject matter, the answer of respondents should be there in numerical. Therefore, in quantitative approach, the data collection is simpler to summaries, analysis and measurable because the solution for respondent transforming to numerical format. However, there is some weakness of quantitative way. Firstly, because the respondents recruited from the school and integrated youth centers, a few of the youth might not be counter as the respondents (e. g. Hikikomori). it implies that the study research represents minimal minimally appropriate to all or any respondent and it is often appear superficial in coverage of sophisticated topic. Second of all, the validity of quantitative research is intensely count on the sampling because almost all of the quantitative research used survey as the tool, in this survey, researcher only recruited 405 youngsters people as the respondents for investigate the factors conductive to the success of teenagers growing up in low-income young families and exam the factors that help them to their lives from inability, poverty and cultural exclusion, compare to the top society of the children group, the effect cannot be representing for the group. Moreover, the quantitative research is inflexibility brought on the analysis design is standardized, it would be unaware the new variable's importance. As the researcher concentrate the analysis on evaluating the hypothesis and indicate the several factor, the study should be overlook the other factors which related to the positive development of the young ones.
Youth-The research just mentioned the respondents are recruited from 13 extra institution and 18 involved school located in several districts, however, It has blurred to make clear the method for sampling the firm for data collection. Moreover, this is of the factors of service contribution and interpersonal capital are undefined. For example, there is no illustration of the positive social activities in the a friendly relationship network, the term appears to be obscure. Also, since the research has targeted the respondents between 17-21 yrs. old which is the critical a long time in the transitioj to young adulthood, and the time that is chart
- Babbie, Earl R. (2007), The practice of public research, 11th ed. Belmont, CA: Thomson Wadsworth
- Crotty Michael (1998), The foundations of sociable research: so this means and perspective in research process, London: Sage Publications
- Bryman Alan (2008), Friendly research methods, New York: Oxford School Inc
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