Theory of Alienation by Karl Marx


Karl Marx has been dubbed as one of the most prolific and important thinkers of the nineteenth century. He advocated the creation of the classless society that might be led through proper democracy and equality. In essence, Marx criticized the capitalist system as an order where the powerful businesses have gained considerable vitality and clout. He argued that staff are cared for as commodities under this technique. The theory of alienation argues that staff are disenchanted with their work because it is controlled and supervised by hierarchies of professionals and supervisors. The average person creativity and freedom has been stifled in the name of efficiency and effectiveness. Furthermore, Marx argues that the abject poverty of employees means that they can not live in prosperous conditions. The capitalist system reaps marvelous profits but provides meager wages to its individuals. Marx also assumed that alienation resulted in workers being suspicious of the other person due to the competitive dynamics of capitalism. Finally the employees are instructed to perform specific tasks which are up against the intrinsic character of mankind. This characteristics helps them to attain creative imagination and design robust obstacles to new problems. This report will seek to analyze the four types of alienation that are found in Marx's theory. The personal encounters of the researcher will also be one of them report.

Aspects of Alienation

Karl Marx argued that alienation was a natural consequence of capitalism because of several reasons. This is because the personnel are manipulated by the makes of capitalism in order to increase efficiency and productivity. The results are that the employees will ultimately give up hope and conviction (Leopold, 67). It is because the capitalists make an effort to ensure that the work activities of the staff are focused towards specific goals and targets. The desire of organizations is to ensure that staff can be exploited to attain the maximum surplus value. The worker is considered to be a musical instrument which leads to the increased loss of personal identity. It can lead to disappointment and resentment since the modes of creation are privately managed.

Alienation from Products of own Labor

Marx argued that the capitalist system looks for to make an illusion that personnel are adequately paid out for the work that is performed. In essence, the capitalist system looks for to regulate the employees by deriving the benefits from the task activities of the second option. This may create alienation which can lead to serious results for entire contemporary society. In addition, the individuals are manipulated which is achieved through the offering of products (Desai, 93). The huge gains reaped by the capitalist system can also cause high levels of resentment and stress among the workers.

Alienation from Take action of Producing Itself

Marx assumed that the capitalist system prompted mechanical and recurring work patterns that not create any intrinsic value for the individuals. The energy of staff is changed into a commodity which is manifested by means of pay (Carver, 78).

Capitalism controls the destinies of the employees by supervising and directing their work activities. This creates serious resentment one of the employees who feel deprived of the destinies. Furthermore, the workers cannot consume the products that are developed by them in just a capitalist system.

Alienation from his / her species being

Marx argued that humans have the capability to develop energetic thinking through the quest for multiple endeavors. Thus humanity retains the capability to contemplate the surrounding environment and develop strong difficulties to problems. Marx therefore argues that human being society is seen as a a constant point out of flux and change. The cultural classes emerge to overthrow existing purchases and change the public (Carver, 78). The email address details are that a new class romance that exists in capitalism eventually stifles the creativeness and advancement of human beings. This can create resentment which leads to serious results.

Alienation from Producers

Marx argued that capitalism eventually confines labor to the position of any commercial commodity. This means that social relationships are overlooked while humans under the system strive to attain endurance or betterment. The competitive mother nature of capitalism eventually creates issues and disputes. This can cause high levels of alienation and resentment among the list of masses (Carver, 80). The basic structure of the capitalist system is such that it can cause deterioration in public structures and human relationships since employees must compete for scarce resources in order to make it through.

Personal Alienation

I have been working as a sales planner for a huge group that is involved in the deal of curtains, sofas, beds, and other furniture. Marx argues that the principal form of alienation is when the employees' feel disillusioned with the work activities. That is true for me in many ways. A sales job can be aggravating even as we are advised to meet basic targets and boost the earnings of the organization. Marx argued that pre-capitalist societies allowed artisans to truly have a degree of freedom in their work activities. Modern capitalist organizations generally have hierarchies in which the workers are controlled through something of bank checks and settings (Wolff, 91). Professionals seek to build up the focuses on and ensure that conformity with organizational procedures is achieved.

As a sales planner, I feel disillusioned with my work activities because of the lack of any incentives. The extended hours means that I have to ensure that goals are being found in an effective and effective manner. The sales strategy advertised by the firm is based upon the notion that existing strategies will be applied. There is absolutely no concept of workers' autonomy that could lead to high degrees of creativity and creativity. This creates problems because Marx argued that it was essential for workers to be given high degrees of autonomy in order to increase their desire. The second point of Marx's theory is the actual fact that workers are surviving in abject poverty due to the conditions of capitalism. He argues that personnel are unable to meet their basic requirements because of the wage composition and working conditions of the capitalist system. To be a sales planner, I think that this holds true because I have to ensure that goals are being met in an effective and effective manner. The commissions received from direct advertising are often insufficient to meet the basic requirements of life. Wages earned from a sales position are enough for sustenance but they do not enable me to boost my standard of living. It means that we continue to continue to be trapped in my specific social category due to the framework of the capitalist system (Wolff, 96). Income disparities remain in america as top professionals are getting remuneration that is fifty times greater than sales coordinators like me. The income gaps create a feeling of resentment and alienation towards the system. Therefore my group is an oligarchy which doesn't have the correct functions of the democracy.

Marx argues that staff do not control their destinies because the capitalist system will have overwhelming effect over the settings of creation. The email address details are that workers cannot increase production and output. They can not derive significant social relationships from each other (Wolff, 93). Marx argues that capitalism has created a system whereby work activities are limited to a set of mechanical and repeated responsibilities. For these duties, the workers are provided meager salary that are insufficient to respond to their major needs and requirements. Being a sales coordinator, I have always centered on competition rather than making a collaborative network with my fellow co-workers. It is because it is essential for sales coordinators to enhance the revenues and profits of the company. Each employee strives to go the ladder through competitive strategy. the concept of cooperating or working alongside one another as a team has been replaced by the idea of competition. Each individual therefore perceives his or her own interests rather than analyzing the normal interests. As a result, I must remain competitive for scarce resources in order to boost sales. My only work is to ensure that the organizational goals are being satisfied in an efficient and effective manner.

Marx argues that humans are born with the intrinsic capacity to contemplate and perceive about the whole environment. This can help to encourage creativeness which may be used to solve complex situations. Furthermore, humans desire freedom and autonomy as a way of escaping the severe social buildings. Marx thinks that social structures have always exerted a solid affect on individuals by creating a couple of rules and regulations. Furthermore, humans must be remaining free to develop according with their passions and passions. That is interestingly absent in the capitalist system that looks for to control the workers by dealing with them as goods (Performer, 67). As the sales coordinator, I have to work in line with the whims and needs of the management. Which means that I will seek to achieve the targets of the organization. I am left without time in order to pursue my passions or hobbies. The job is essential because it is vital for success in a severe environment. The marketplace conditions determine the type of real human work. In my example, the needs of my furniture company are to focus on consumers and develop strong marketing strategies. As being a sales coordinator, I must ensure that consumers can be come to in an effective and effective manner. much of Marx's theory of alienation remains appropriate even in the twenty first century. The abject poverty of staff remains on the globe with sweatshop like conditions. The energy and clout of the capitalist organizations remains superior. The personnel are forced to endure harsh activities in exchange for meager pay.


Karl Marx's theory of alienation was postulated in the nineteenth century that was characterized by the surge of capitalism. Industrialization got swept the developed world and also other happening like urbanization, immigration, and capitalism. Marx argued that the capitalist system was structured after reinforcing the divisions of school. His theory of alienation appears to be appropriate right now. His first premise was that personnel were alienated with their job duties. Capitalism had manipulated the areas of employees by forcing them to execute monotonous and recurring tasks. Another premise is that staff reside in abject poverty due to meager pay that receive to them. Staff do not have control over their work activities which stifles their creativity and innovation. In addition, it creates the conditions for oppression and exploitation at the hands of capitalist corporations. Another premise of this theory is the fact workers do not have social relationships. The craving to be competitive has thus led to the devastation of the notion of cooperation and cooperation. Finally Marx argued that the employees were unable to realize self actualization in the capitalist environment. This is because capitalism seeks to make rules and regulations that will eventually create bad conditions for workers. Personally, I have been alienated with my job as a sales coordinator. This is due to poor working conditions. Furthermore, the inspections and handles have led to monotonous work activities.

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