Keywords: saudi arabia culture, turkey culture islam, islamic modern culture culture
Today we are going to discuss the similarities and distinctions between two societies, Turkish and Saudi Arabian, from the social and moral perspective. Firstly it's important to get familiar with these meanings.
Culture is the way of life, shared beliefs, values, customs and behaviours, that the members of contemporary society use to cope with their world and with each other, and that are transmitted from era to technology through learning.
Norms specify the sort of behaviour that is known as appropriate and normal in a society. For instance, norms of dress give recommendations on what things to wear. Norms are set of rules that change from society to modern culture. A change in society leads to new means of behaving and for that reason culture and norms are always changing.
Values are standard rules and principles that reveal what's good, important and worth striving for in our society. Values lay down general principles and guidelines.
Inequality concerns distinctions in access to scarce resources when one group is way better situated than the other in population. Social inequality involves voting rights, liberty of conversation, education and so many more. Inequality exists in every world, even if it's said that all members in population are similar.
Both countries talk about similar history, culture and worth. Religion in particular plays a huge part in people's lives. The major religious beliefs is Islam, the second largest religion on the globe. In Saudi Arabia, Islam is the only real officially recognized religion and other religions in the country aren't tolerated. Turkey is more democratic in this way. While in Turkey express and chapel are separated, religion in Saudi Arabia affects every aspect of public and political life. Even the legal system is dependant on sharia (Islamic) regulation. The types of consequence in this country are, matching for some organizations, against human being rights. For instance, robbery is punishable by amputation of the right side. Flogging is way of consequence for offenses against religious beliefs, drunkenness and gambling. The death penalty is the highest form of consequence in the country and is utilized for a variety of convictions like the distribution of drugs from overseas. The death phrase was also utilized in Turkey, but it offers since been reduced to thirty years imprisonment. Homosexuality is totally forbidden in both societies (a view highly linked to spiritual beliefs), and is also punishable by lashing, jail or death.
Inequality, in both societies, is most recognized between men and women. Saudi women suffer discrimination in a variety of areas of their daily lives. For instance, women are not permitted to drive cars or ride bicycles on general public roads and the travelling time of 25 is one of the best on the planet. Saudi Arabia is also one of the four staying countries that have not granted women the right to vote. Women cannot travel in foreign countries without the authorization or presence of any male guardian (mahram), and also have to be along with a close men from the family (daddy or brothers) when beyond house. As chastity and intimate modesty are incredibly highly respected, women can be imprisoned for socializing with a guy who is not really a relative and may be costed with prostitution. In public areas, dancing, participating in music and displaying videos is forbidden. Women make up just 5% of the workforce in Saudi Arabia, which is the cheapest proportion in the world. A woman's position within the family is high, especially in the jobs of mother and sister. However, their rights may continue to be constrained, for example, it is thought that girls should stay at home, looking after their husbands and children. Most marriages are organized and polygamy is allowed up to four wives.
Similar attitudes towards women got existed in Turkey, however in 1926 new reforms brought changes to the positioning of women in population. Polygamy was abolished and it is very uncommon nowadays. Along with religious relationships and divorce, child custody became the right of both women and men. Education degrees of women have increased since the reforms and many Turkish women are able to gain access to education, have jobs and careers. The right to vote was granted in 1930.
Although the positioning of women outside of family has improved significantly, within it remains pretty much the same. Husbands stay at the head of family and female will need to have their authorization to work or their approval if going out. Both Saudi Arabian and Turkish societies place huge value on the family and take their duties seriously. Families tend to be large and the expanded family remains close.
Significant inequality also is out there between women from different areas of societies. Ladies in these two expresses have different way of life and rights. For instance, abortion in Turkey is legal up to ten weeks, while in Saudi Arabia it remains unlawful, except in situations where the mother's life may be vulnerable.
The norms for general public behaviour in Saudi Arabia are extremely conservative. To ensure that these benchmarks of conduct are observed, the Saudi spiritual law enforcement can arrest foreigners for inappropriate dress and other alleged infractions, such as ingestion of alcohol. Turkish women no longer have to wear the veils and long garments, whereas in Saudi Arabia it is still required by the old religious beliefs. While alcoholic beverages is prohibited in Saudi Arabia, it is allowed in Turkey. In Turkey, Friday is considered an ordinary working day, regardless of the fact that to Muslims it is known as a holy day. Saudi Arabian's continue to acknowledge this custom - most shops and other public places are finished on Friday and people practice their prayers. All Muslims pray five times each day and during the holy month of Ramadan they need to fast from dawn to dusk (this consists of eating, drinking and smoking). Regarding to Islam, the left hand is considered unclean and reserved for personal hygiene.
To conclude, Turkey is currently considered a secular express, the first ever Islamic world to be considered as such. On the other hand, Saudi Arabia's unique culture makes grades it as a recognized Islamic country. People in these countries are extremely pleased with their culture, heritage and nationality.
- M. Haralambos and M. Holborn (2008) Sociology, Designs and Perspectives
- http://marketing. about. com/od/marketingglossary/g/normsdef. htm
- http://www. umanitoba. ca/faculties/arts/anthropology/courses/122/module1/culture. html
- http://travel. condition. gov/travel/cis_pa_tw/cis/cis_1012. html
- http://www. enjoyturkey. com/info/culture. htm
- http://www. eastwestinquirer. com/Islamic%20Turkey%20Versus%20Islamist%20Saudi%20Arabia. htm
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