Why Do The Sociologists Need Ideas?

In simple terms, theories are used by sociologists to describe how social phenomena has took place. A theory is utilized as a conclusion by sociologists as to why something occurs in population. Durkheim prices, "sociology is ways to discover ultimate truths about modern culture, for the purpose of communal improvement" (Seidman, 2008). For some sociologists this quote summarizes the reasons they study modern culture and subsequently use ideas to explain public phenomena. Theories offer people in sociology and outside sociology another view or take on a certain facet of society. The more ideas there are, a lot more choice and independence of thought there exists for someone looking for answers as to why society is the way it is. Hence ideas are essential to the carrying on development of modern culture, providing potential answers to the people who seek them. It is natural for humans to ask why and seek answers. Sociologist also use theories to abstract particular information and convert it into more basic materials, so that others can make sense of it. Further more they use theories to categorise and group sociological happenings into a specific class.

In order to illustrate the above, the Neo-Marxist theorists Althusser and Gramsci will be likened, since they both have their own method of Marxism and interpreted Marx's idea's in several ways. Gramsci was the humanitarian Neo-Marxist while Althusser was more of a medical Neo-Marxist (Kellner, 2005). With Althusser being a structuralist he in turn turned down Marx's Hegelian essentialism, the two kinds which being economism and humanism (Scott, 2007). Hence Althusser was quite definitely an anti-economist and anti-humanist. Althusser looked at ideology itself a deciding inflection that moulds consciousness and ultimately presents a substantially large swerve from economic dedication (Scott, 2007). For Althusser ideology portrayed the relationship between the persons thoughts and their genuine conditions of life. He believed that ideology transformed humans into topics of ideological process that designed them while at the same time they can be conned into taking a look at themselves as self- determining real estate agents. (Benton 1998). In addition Althussers theories could relate to functionalism (Swingewood, 2000).

Gramsci was also a strongly influential Marxist thinker. Like Althusser, he declined economism, but also rejected crude materialism and instead give you a humanist version of Marxism which centered on real human subjectivity (Nield & Seed, 1981). He implemented the term hegemony to depict the supremacy of cultural course over others which essentially referred specifically to the bourgeoisie dominance in the working category (Nield & Seed, 1981). Aswell as hegemony used as an economic and political tool, he sensed it provided the dominant bourgeoisie class the ability to project its own way of browsing the world after the lower classes who then agree to this as common sense and part of life. A key difference between your two Marxist theories is that unlike Althusser, Gramsci highlights struggle and discord (Nield & Seed, 1981). He said that good sense was not a solid point out and constantly changed itself. Gramsci' s theory meant a rejection of economism due to the fact it saw the have difficulties for ideological hegemony as a major factor in cultural change. Overall, there were more criticisms of Althusser's theories that subsequently led many to prefer Gramsci's theories, with particular credit given to his theory of hegemony.

A volume of strengths can be found across the plank of Marxist theory. Contrary to the mass media, Marxism takes into account the importance of explicit theory (Swingewood, 2000). The Marxist critical theory attracts consideration to the matter of politics and economic passions in the media and stresses the public inequalities in media representation whilst revealing the myth of value-free social knowledge (Swingewood, 2000). Whilst Althussers ideas help to attenuate the allegory of the absolute person, other Marxist attitudes see the multimedia as a 'site of struggle'. Marxist theory accentuates the value of social class with regards to the mass media and the publics understanding of press, which remains a valuable factor in mass media assay (Kellner, 2005). This Marxist research is useful in the during the syndication of electricity in society, certain types of actuality end up with more impact than others, which in essence means Marxist theory reveals how the multimedia makes less important new seem to be a lot more important that it is. Meanwhile much more serious and important media may also be swept aside rather than centered on by the press for a tactical goal. While the advantages of Marxist theory seem to outweigh the limitations, some limitations can be found. Some contest that Marxism is just another ideology, with some Marxists being accused of being too doctrinaire (following the theory no matter its practicality). Fundamentalist Marxism is crudely deterministic, allowing very little amplitude for real human organization or subjectivity (Swingewood, 2000). Another point is the fact Marxism is often seen as an increased form of theory which concentrates on the grand plan and subsequently averting empirical research. This means Marxist research of media does not include strenuous enough studies.

In finish, sociologists need ideas to explain interpersonal phenomena and clarify the way the sociological world has come to be enjoy it is. Theories offer people another view on a certain facet of society. We all think theoretically inside our own way, although the key difference that sociological theorists use is that they think theoretically in a systematic manner. Sociological theorists will arrive at different explanations for incidents than the theoretical procedure of a standard person, and for that reason should develop a theory to describe it. Utilizing the example of Marxist ideas and theorists, in particular Althusser and Gramsci, you'll be able to see why sociologists need theories.

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