Neuschwanstein Castle is a symbiosis of the sin of the various in terms of using parts - this is the central structure of the castle - the Palace and the wings that depart from it. The left is called the Kemenate Building (the entrance to the castle), the right one is the House of the Knights. The interior of the grandiose building is executed in an incredible mixture and variety of styles belonging to different time periods. In the rooms there are Moorish, Gothic and Baroque elements at the same time, but the sensations of an insipid eclectic mix are, oddly enough, not arising. Perhaps even the aesthetic admiration of the stalactite column of an artificial grotto inscribed in the general architecture of the building, the decadent decor of the Byzantine style of the Throne Room, in which the throne has never been established, is an exquisite and at the same time powerful lighting of the singing hall - The theater, designed for performances of romantic works of Wagner. In total, the castle has about 360 rooms and halls, but since the construction was not completed in full, the final finishing was carried out only in some of them.
The interior decoration of the already mentioned Hall of Singers, whose walls are decorated with frescoes on the motives of the opera "Tannhäuser", is striking. favorite composer Ludwig II - Wagner. The central, largest fresco perpetuated the knight of Parsifal at the moment when he first saw the Holy Grail. The luxurious patterned ceiling of the hall is decorated with wooden panels with images of the zodiac signs on them. And the ceiling, and walls, and the singing arcade of the structure are also decorated with rich ornamental paintings. Currently, the Concert Hall hosts classical music concerts. This hall occupies the entire fourth floor of the five-story Palace.
Directly beneath it, on the third floor, is an artificial intersection of man-made wildlife, which was to cause surprise to visitors - the cave inside the castle with stalactites and stalagmites. Initially, to revive the interior and give more resemblance to nature, a real cascade of water was beating here. In our time, the water supply system either broke down, or turned off, there are no fountains or waterfalls in the grotto.
Another bedroom, leaving a rich impression of tourists rooms of the third floor are the bedroom and the personal chapel of the king. Both are made in the Gothic style, and in the bedroom, perhaps the most important attraction of the castle is the carved bed of the owner of the apartment. In order to imagine its luxury and the magnificence of the patterned painting, it suffices to say that 14 woodcarvers worked for the construction of this structure without rest for 4.5 years. The walls of the bedroom are hung with paintings on the life of Tristan and Isolde - the legendary lovers of medieval European legends. There is also the opera of the same name by Richard Wagner, who in due time made a great impression on the romantic soul of Ludwig.
The personal chapel of the king adjoins his bedroom. It is dedicated to the owner's angel-guard, ranked by the holy French King Louis the Sovereign, after whom the Bavarian monarch was named. Attention is drawn to the embossed lancet arch, ornate winged altar.
The throne room of Neuschwanstein was designed by the architects Eduard Ille and Julius Hoffmann in the style of Byzantine satiated luxury. Long rows of columns go through the entire two-tiered hall with decorations from imitation porphyry and lapis lazuli. The room ends with a semicircular gilded apse - the seat of the royal throne. Nine marble steps lead to the foot of the platform, on which the throne, decorated with gold and ivory, was to be located. History ordered otherwise - the monarch died before the symbol of power was manufactured and installed in the place assigned to him.
The dome of the apse is decorated with paintings on theological themes. It depicts Jesus Christ surrounded by Virgin Mary and the Apostle John, and below are the figures of kings, ranked among the saints, among whom is already mentioned the heavenly patron of Ludwig - Louis the French. Complement the interior of the majestic
A chandelier made in the form of a Byzantine crown. The chandelier is made of gilded copper, designed for 96 candles and weighs almost 2 tons of 18 centners.
Another fully completed building of the castle was located on the first floor of the royal kitchen. Despite the stylization of the Middle Ages, the castle was engineered by the latest technology of the XIX century. Great water and wastewater systems were installed here, and the air heating system was for its time advanced. Water for the castle needs was delivered from the source located two hundred meters above the source and entered the premises, as in the famous fountains of Petrodvorets, by gravity, using the principle of communicating vessels. The kitchen is equipped not only with plates, stoves and cooking stoves, but also a specially engineered mechanism, the function of which was to serve cooked meals in the royal dining room, so as not to distract His Majesty from the lofty thoughts of servants. The dining room itself is decorated with oak panels, the paintings of artists Ferdinand Riloti and Joseph Aigner are hung on the walls, depicting scenes of the legendary Minnesingers' song contest in Wartburg in 1207.
The architects of Neuschwanstein excellently succeeded in fulfilling one of the cornerstone tasks of architecture - to tie the structure to the surrounding area, to inscribe a free-standing castle in the nature of upper Bavaria. Rising on a lonely rock with steep slopes looks like what it should seem - an impregnable medieval defensive structure. From the castle windows an incredibly picturesque view of the Hohenschwangau valley opens, which Ludwig planned to improve by building another pseudo-historic castle in the mountains, the purpose of which was to make the view from Neuschwanstein even more picturesque. Unfortunately, these plans were not destined to come true.
The inner courtyard of the castle is a magnificent park of local vegetation, where even an artificial cave was made for the amusement of guests.
Neuschwanstau became the site of a public visit and landmark of Bavaria in the 19th century. Since then, the flow of tourists into the building, which was intended by the customer for secluded dreams and escape from the realities of the world, has become more and more every year. Every year more than 1.3 million tourists visit the castle. According to this indicator Swan stone is second only to the Paris Eiffel Tower. Especially large is the influx of visitors in the summer, when about 6,000 visitors a day pass through the bedroom of a single-dreamer.
Difficulty and a secluded location made Neuschwanstein attractive for its utilitarian use by Hitler Germany. Here at the end of the Second World War, the gold reserves of the Reichsbank were located, later disappeared in an unknown direction. It also housed a personal collection of jewelry, works of art and furniture, selected by Adolf Hitler from the total mass of valuables, taken out by invaders from Europe.
It is interesting that it was the image of Neuschwanstein that inspired Walt Disney to create the residence of the "Sleeping Beauty" - Fairy-tale kingdom from the cartoon of the same name. Therefore, the appearance of the most famous castle of Bavaria is well known even to the smallest United Statess, never on the lands of Germany ns past - the central image of the "Disney's Clock" screensaver " on our television is Neuschwism.
The German government is attentive to the current state of the national treasure. At the end of the 20th century, over 11 million euros were spent from the state budget for large-scale reconstruction. Restoration work, by the way, does not stop until now - tourists regularly review this or that part of the castle in the scaffolding. But this, of course, can not spoil anyone's impressions of visiting the most significant sightseeing of these places - the castle of Neuschwanstein.
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