Observations of newborns and young children

There are many types of knowledge that can be found out about a child when undertaking observations on newborns and children. Observations can help a practitioner gain an understanding of a child and if they may need help or support within the areas of their education, personal life, home life and problems that the kid may be attempting to deal with. We as early years practitioners perform observations on infants and small children to record and observe their

physical, intellectual, vocabulary, emotional and cultural development.

It is important to see these areas of development to ensure that children are get together their developmental norms in all of the areas. We also watch to have the ability to find out different techniques of how to promote these regions of development.

Communicating with children properly within observations is really important; the child in this observation could be shy and discover it hard to speak to adults, then it is important that the experts get down on the level, have a genuine look after them, use open up body language, an example of this may be uncrossing your arms and using an appropriate amount of attention contact, for example, not staring at the child, so that the child may feel uneasy and insecure but looking at the child within an ensuring way and attempting to connect with them. Relating to, www. bestpracticenet. co. uk, EYPS Expectations, It's important to, 'Have high goals of most children and determination to ensuring that they can achieve their full probable'. This can be done by displaying a child head wear you have trust and confidence within them and their ability's to develop and develop. This may be done by something as easy as using positive cosmetic expressions, these are important; using this method it could mirror your enjoyment onto the kid and by a practitioner being positive and smiling at the kid, a young child may look up to you and think of you as a role model. Children will react to this good attitude which may have an impact on their self-confidence, confidence and for that reason they could want to form a relationship together with you. If a kid that you will be undertaking an observation on is shy or withdrawn, there may be many reasons because of this, so it is important to be aware and to be very sensitive to the kid and their feelings, as by not carrying out this, it could have an effect on a child's self esteem. Good skills of terminology should be utilized within observations, for example, a specialist should change their voice tone and not be too loud or calm when communicating with a child.

By undertaking observations, early years practitioners find out all the individual needs of the children. This could change from many different things, for example, if a child needs more support, such as if they have any special needs or one to one requirements or whether a baby or youngster may end up having their recognition or look ect. Many problems or abnormalities will be common within babies and young children and could go undetected, if observations aren't completed successfully.

Observing the development of children can be attractive. It is important to remember that every child is a distinctive specific. Children develop as they develop and find out new complex skills. The sequence of development is not the same for those children. A person's ability progresses at different rates depending on inherited characteristics and the nurturing that child gets. Growth and development will progress well when a child's basic needs for food, warmness, sleeping, exercise, encouragement and love are satisfied by reliable adult carers.

Development is holistic including physical, intellectual, psychological and cultural aspects. These areas of development are built-into a whole special individual.

From undertaking observations we will get a general indicator of how a baby/child behaves and who they connect to also we can get an over-all summary of their interests, and what they don't may actually like; which explains why it is important to observe so that we can encourage the youngsters to try new things. For example, if a kid doesn't seem to be thinking about reading books. Then a EYP may find out one of these interests, for example, Thomas the reservoir engine and then modify this theme to the book corner. Watching a child's unique development is a satisfying skill to learn.

As with all skills within life observation requires practice and it is important to perfect this skill whilst working with children. It is also important to handle observations so that parent's can be familiar with their child/ baby's progress and this can help the child's parents gain a knowledge and a knowledge of these child's ability. It is also important to inform parents and carers in regards to a child's development, as they will also have the ability to become a part of their child's education, for example, setting up a task that encourages their child's overall skills and development.

It is important to be objective when observing children, this is performed by not judging a child and taking everything into consideration and possessing a positive outlook. EYP's should not have fixed views or a subjective manner before watching a child. For instance, if someone tells you that a child that your heading to observe is very naughty and very back of in their development periods. An early years practitioner should take notice of the child with no fixed views rather than judge the kid on what others may have said.

When children are delivered, mid-wives or nurses come to the mothers house to have the ability to monitor and take notice of the child and ensure that they are growing properly, for example, gaining weight. When children go to nursery and classes EYP's have many different observations that they carry out on the children for most of the various types of development. And they also plan activities based on these observations.

Before an observation is carried out it's important that many Moral considerations are taken in to account. This consists of many different factors that may influence the observation, for example, EYP's have to be sure that get permission from the supervisor of my positioning, this is done by simply requesting if it was appropriate if they transported an out an observation. It's important to consider getting the file signed after it had been completed. EYP's should know that they desire a professor or supervisor to recommend them on the observation or whether it needed their advise with what level they needed them to consult at. They also had to know very well what information should be shared with the teacher and the parents about the observation I've done.

They also have to take into account the health insurance and well-being of a kid. Corresponding to, www. bestpracticenet. co. uk, EYP's Specifications, Early years professionals should, 'Plan and offer safe and appropriate child-led and adult initiated activities, activities and play opportunities in indoor, outdoor and in out-of-setting contexts, which permit children to build up and learn'. That is done by ensuring when the observation or activity will take place a child should be safe at all times and there should be no potential hazards to the kid.

Also they have to think about how they would report the information, how they might lay out the observation, if the children might have been ill or might have experienced a virus just lately and wasn't their self applied, the child might suffer from an illness or a behaviour disorder. The time of day is important because if the child is hungry it could not be it's normal personal and may not be up to demonstrating its skills, so therefore the observation is probably not as successful. It's important to choose a arbitrary child and make sure that differentiation is roofed. Early Years Practitioners should also consider their own health, health and wellbeing before undertaking an observation.

When carrying out an observation it is important to use the correct method for the certain kind of development that is being observed or monitored. For instance, if a kid has special needs, etc. Then an EYP may monitor these to see if indeed they need any extra help, such as, someone to ones, being seen by the nurse because of its overall well-being or other issues. A kid with special needs may need a translator for indication language or they could need their work or activity's put into Braille. Children with special needs may enjoy or learn more when doing sensory activity's. Additional needs children may necessitate many specialists views or help, for example, speech therapists. And yes it is extremely important that children are cared for evenly and with dignity and admiration. It's important that we notify parents with their child's progress regularly and that they know about any under development seen from observations; we must notify parents who may then take further action in affecting a doctor, psychologist, pedetrition, school worker.

Children that are non-English, for example, they don't really understand the British language and they cant speak or connect the English vocabulary. This is can be quite a difficult situation; I've observed in one of my placements a similar situation. A girl emerged over from India and she could speak a little English but didn't understand completely, to be able to flourish in many activity's within the class. This child was helped by the tutor using, phonics and the kid was also provided with one to one help. Yet, in acute cases where children may well not understand or speak any English at all, translators are useful. For a child that may struggle with the English vocabulary there are many ways or supporting them understand and learn, for example, picture cards activity's as this will promote their acknowledgement of different objects. Also a kid may benefit from, ICT and audio facilities, interacting and playing with other children. Which is crucial a child that doesn't speak any English has a lot of contact and communication with English speakers.

From the age range of 0-3 children have strong public needs. At an extremely young age children form strong attachments. The Psychologist John Bowlby was the first attachment theorist, describing attachment as a "lasting internal connectedness between human beings" (Bowlby, 1969, p. 194). He believed that the initial bonds made by children using their caregivers have a significant impact that proceeds throughout life. Matching to Bowlby, connection also serves to keep the infant near the mom, thus enhancing the child's chances of survival. The main theme of connection theory is the fact that mothers who can be found and responsive to their infant's needs to establish a sense of security. The newborn knows that the caregiver is reliable, which creates a secure bottom part for the kid to then explore the globe.

So from an extremely early years children require eyes contact and smiles. Also children need to hear language as this may comfort them or stop them from crying, this can be known as a distraction approach. When coping with children its important to use your initiative, for example, if a child is crying, they may be fatigued or need feeding.

Children enjoy listening to music and revel in taking part in activity's which have an audio type, for example, Corresponding to, www. earlychildhoodeducation. co. uk, under how singing and music classes may benefit children, 'As child, hears the voices of it's parents singing. Hearing tunes, rhymes and simple rhythms can be quite comforting for young children, in particular when they're feeling annoyed, irritated or exhausted out. It can help them relax and go to sleep, or music can be invigorating and fascinating'. By giving children with musical activities it can help them to thrive socially and increase their social development. As activity's such as this encourage team work, for example, sharing.

Children need to feel safe and secure surrounding the people within their environment and their environment should maintain positivity. This creates a base of which children can build on for public development.

Children of this age have strong physical needs, Children need to be within an appropriate environment where they'll be allowed to increase and develop properly. For example, by experimenting and playing with various things both inside and outside of a setting up. Children should come in contact with gross motor skills such as, working. And fine motor unit skills such as drawing and painting.

Children that consume an unbalanced diet will be vulnerable to expanding many problems. A balanced diet is important to keep health insurance and a sensible bodyweight. No food will provide all the fundamental nutrients that the body needs to be healthy and function proficiently and properly. The vitamins and minerals of a person's diet will depend on the overall mix, or balance, of food that is ingested over a period of time, as well as on the needs of the individual. A diet with a variety of different foods is most likely to provide all the essential nutrition. Children need energy for our bodies to function properly however the balance between carbohydrate, protein and fat must be right for all of us to stay healthy. Too much fat can lead to overweight, over weight and other serious health problems such as cardiovascular disease and cancer. Inadequate protein can result in problems with growth and repair in the body. Eating sweet foods or drinks too often without appropriate oral hygiene can lead to poor oral health. We need enough vitamins, nutrients and dietary fibre for health. A variety of different foods and particularly plenty of fruits and vegetables will help to ensure that people get the right mixture. Research shows that there are other naturally occurring substances in foods, especially flower foods such as fruits & vegetables which can be also beneficial to health.

(School get older children and youths, Nourishment notes)

EYP's ought to know that children need a routine to have the ability to feel safe and secure; they have to know and feel that they know what is certainly going on and they are in control. Each child within my setting has another type of schedule, however I am acquainted with most of them. For instance, whenever a child cries they may need a bottle or they may just want or desire a cuddle, (physical attention). When feeding a child it is important to make eating a fun move to make, so that it is good practice to laugh and communicate with the children throughout.

Children should discover sleep and rest as this will bring back their energy within their systems. Activities such as lullaby's and story's should be provided to a child. As this is a fun activity to participate.

When dealing with children, it is important to take into consideration all the regions of hygiene, for example, when changing a nappy, an apron and gloves should be worn and children should be cleaned out with either cotton wool or wipes, or occasionally by bathing.

When children get mucky during a trip to my placement, for example, after a task, supper or tea. Children might need their clothes changing even though most children do wear bibs. Also within my setting we have alcohol gel that we use to make our hands clean and I ensure that I wash my hands throughout the day. As this will get rid of bacteria and therefore you'll be more hygienic.

Children's emotional needs are to be cared for and to be loved and be shown devotion. Early years professionals must, establish reasonable, respectful, trusting, supportive and constructive human relationships with children. It is also important to communicate sensitively and effectively with children from beginning to the end of the foundation stage. Children should be paid attention to, and EYP's should pay attention to what they say and value and respect their views. Early on years practitioners must show the positive values, attitudes and behavior they expect from children. As this can help them develop and develop and help them achieve their goals.

There are a complete range of documenting methods that can be used when observing children it's important the correct method is utilized for the kind of observation, for example: a mapping observation can help record and keep an eye on the child's attention period. But this observation must be documented effectively and using the correct format. It is vital that when observing a kid you do not make anything up, exaggerate a situation, be imprecise and that all information and recordings are exact and true; this is excatly why is is important a supervisor signals the finished copy.

Many configurations use tick charts and check list's, this is good for monitoring the child's fine and gross electric motor skills and then linking these to the norms to then assess their needs or to determine activity's which may promote their skills. Tick charts work better if reviews and evaluations are also used to bring them to life or when you web page link these to other observations that you did.

Observing children over an extended period of time is a lovely way of both observing children and providing a framework for planning for individual children. This technique is effective with all age ranges and is favored by parents. The idea is that you carry out a brief written observation, have a photograph if possible and then draw some conclusions about what you have observed. Additionally you include some ideas of the actual child's next steps might be and ways in which they could be supported.

A narrative observation includes noting down all of the child's words; this is wonderful for tracking and monitoring their words and cultural development. Event test is wonderful for attention span, behaviour or for taking a look at all of the different activity's that a child may take part in. A child's intellectual development can be supervised it includes noting down everything a kid says and who they talk to.

It is important to own many methods of observation to have the ability to observe all of the child's skills and various regions of development. Children have the right to be observed and monitored to make certain that their development reaches the right level. From observing we are able to see if there are any delays in development. Which in some instances, a doctor or other specialists would need to be up to date and a child maybe taken in for assessments or other strategies. After each observation, EYP's website link the child's development to the norms of development; by doing this you could find out whether the child is back of, on the right level or in front of their years. We will also be in a position to see whether a child has hearing troubles, which they would possibly be told to move see a doctor and a health care provider would recommend a location to go to or a treatment which a child may need. It is important that as an EYP we try and talk to children and this is done by singing to a kid, talking, asking them questions and getting involved in audio activity's, such as, nursery rhymes or singing activities. Regarding to, ecrp. uiuc. edu, 2007, 'Children are unique and intricate and therefore often difficult to comprehend. Plus they do not easily employ us in dialogue in order to explain the reasons for his or her caprice as they explore the entire world that surrounds them. Yet, as practitioners it is important for us to know our kids deeply, to stream using their currents, also to extend their nascent ideas about how the planet work'. This can be done by observing and evaluation a child's needs.

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