Everyone from birth has natural rights. All of them are enshrined in the Declaration of Human Rights adopted by the international community. Surprisingly, people took centuries to understand their rights and approve them. However, for most of the students nowadays they seem so simple and clear! If all people will respect their own and others' rights, there will be less grief, tears, and injustice on Earth.
The first and main right of a person is his right to life. It must be sacred to all. Also, everyone has the right not only to live his life but to live it worthy. So that no one else will humiliate a person, morally or physically. Did not beat, did not intimidate, did not force to something. A person has the right to personal dignity and freedom. And therefore he has the right to freely choose: what to study, where to work, whom to love.
Touch the private property and tell your story in the human rights essay
Also, everyone is entitled to the private property. This is human nature, we all want to have something of our own: a house, a car, and other things. No one has the right to take it away from us. The state and its laws should protect human rights. But people often have to protect themselves from the state and its leaders. It is very good that difficult times of World Wars have passed, mankind has become more conscious.
But we cannot say that human rights are generally well observed all over the world. For rich and powerful citizens, the law seems to be less strict than for the common people already. Each of students must monitor for himself whether his rights and freedoms are violated. And of course, defend them. And also, and this is the main thing, people should respect the rights of others, no less than their own rights.
Everyone should protect his own rights
The French writer of the XIX century, Victor Hugo, said: "The right is all that is true and fair". Many writers in their works are always on the side of the disadvantaged and offended, advocated the protection of their rights. But not only the disadvantaged and the offended need protection. At birth, a person acquires rights and freedoms that are inalienable, that is, no one can deprive a person of these rights.
Of course, the main one is the right to life. The law regulates the relations and behavior of people, each person has equal rights, and from this side a "black and white" balance is created in society. The reason is that the exercise of the rights and freedoms of one person cannot violate the rights and freedoms of another person. Unfortunately, in the modern world, everyone can say: "I fully realize my rights". More often you can hear the phrase: "My rights are violated" or "I must apply for the protection of my rights".
Show the difference in the attitude to the rights in different countries
A person grows up, and with him, the society that surrounds him develops. The social status of a citizen changes with his age. After some age, he can vote. Together with the new status, the young man receives a list of duties. In some countries with a compulsory military service, young people are obliged to be on the military register at the place of residence and to appear at the appointed time and place on the military commissariat at the place of residence. In the US it sounds like the violation of right, while in China this will be totally normal.
Compare different constitutes
The US Constitution is considered to be the smallest and the most stable Constitution in the world. Americans respect the law of their country so much that they do not even make amendments to the main text - they are printed as a separate appendix at the end of the main text. By the way, the first amendment to the US Constitution says: "Congress should not issue a single law restricting freedom of speech and the press."
Almost in every American state, there is some amusing prohibition: in Wisconsin, it is forbidden to drink and sell beer after 9 pm, and in Michigan, this prohibition is valid throughout the whole Sunday. In Utah, it is illegal to swear in the presence of a deceased person, a resident of Kentucky at least once a year is obliged by law to take a bath. In Alabama, it is forbidden by law to use elephants for the plowing of a cotton field, and in Arizona, it is forbidden to hunt camels - hardly anyone suffers from this law because camels are not found there. Surely, nobody uses such old laws.
The Constitution of India, unlike the American one, is considered to be the largest and the most complex constitution in the world. There are 395 articles, 12 annexes and 500 amendments written in a very difficult language - not every citizen will be able to read it. In addition, all norms and human rights are scattered throughout the Constitution so haphazardly that finding the necessary information is extremely difficult - for this the Indian Constitution is also considered one of the most difficult to understand.
Human rights in China by Western countries are regarded as problematic, largely not consistent with international norms. Controversial issues include the policy of executing the death penalty (for selling drugs and corruption), the policy of "one family-one child" (for each subsequent family pays a fine), the cultural integration of ethnic Chinese in Tibet and Turkestan, and the lack of protection of freedom of the press and religion - free-thinking and philosophy of life is pursued by politics. Freedom of speech is formally absent here. The example of strange law here - older rural workers do not receive a pension but get a cup of rice once a day.
The Constitution of Japan as a whole guarantee all basic rights and freedoms of citizens, proclaims equality, prohibits slavery, torture, and illegal imprisonment. Among the new rights is the right to proper maintenance of the environment, the right to information, confidentiality, and protection of privacy. In general, shows cases of discrimination against women, foreigners, illegitimate children, excessive exploitation of workers, non-observance of the rights of prisoners and etcetera. It is curious that the Japanese Constitution declares Japan's renunciation of war. After the country's defeat in the Second World War, Japan abandoned the war as a way of exercising state sovereignty.
You can touch the civil law in your essay
Students don’t really touch the civil law in their human rights essay. However, you can do that to make your essay more interesting. Civil law as a branch of private law is a set of legal norms governing property and related personal non-property relations based on equality, the autonomy of will and property independence of their participants. It is also based on the protecting inalienable human rights and freedoms and other intangible benefits (life, health, honor, dignity, business reputation, authorship, and etcetera).
Since the days of Ancient Rome, the civil law reflects the private legal sphere of people's lives. The modern approach to understanding civil law has not changed dramatically but has undergone some changes, which are primarily connected with the changing world. In contrast to public law (constitutional, administrative), which regulate the relationship between the state and society, as well as between various government bodies and citizens, the civil law regulates the relationship of people who act as private individuals and protect their interests. Such persons enter into such legal relations with the full autonomy of will. They are able to decide independently whether to enter into them or not, which is not observed in public legal relations since the state acts here as an uncontested authority and people often enter into them, not on goodwill.
The private law in connection with the human rights
The civil law is a private law, which is primarily due to the fact that persons entering into civil legal relationships certainly has an autonomy of will, independence of action and etcetera. Also, persons entering into such legal relations have freedom of ownership. That means that they are property-independent. They take all the risks and damages themselves. This is precisely the sphere in which the state as a source of power has rather limited access, in contrast to public law.
The good idea for the essay is to show the limitations that human rights set on the civil law. Observance of human rights includes the obligation to respect human rights, relating to other persons and groups of people. Human rights govern the relationship between a person and the state (state power). The concept of human rights is used in the meaning of a set of rights, and when considering subjects, it is accepted to be guided by the cataloged list of human rights. Similarly to society and the state, human rights are also in the process of development. That is why human rights must be considered in accordance with the world's development processes.
Often, along with the term "human rights", the term "fundamental rights" is used. In their content, basic rights are human rights. The term "fundamental rights" is more common in the European legal field (for example, in the terminology of the Council of Europe and the European Union). The second chapter of the Constitution of the Republic of Estonia defines fundamental rights, freedoms, and duties. Human rights are generally established, and civil rights as human rights are established by domestic legal acts for citizens of the state.
Use different subjects of human rights in your human rights essay
- To live
- To get protection from torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment
- Prohibition of slavery and forced labor
- To freedom and security of person
- To protection from arbitrary detention or exile
- To judicial protection in case of violation of the fundamental rights (human rights)
- To honest, independent and open justice and punishment based on the law
- To the presumption of innocence
- To laws that do not have retroactive effect
- To equality in the face of the law
- To privacy, inviolability of housing and protection from arbitrary interference in family and private life.
- To protection of personal data.
- To protection against discrimination on the basis of race, nationality, language, sex, religion or any other sign
- To freedom of speech, freedom to organize meetings and associations
- To choose a place of residence and freedom of movement
- To periodic, free and fair elections on general and equal grounds
- To marry and create a family
- To freedom of self-determination
- To citizenship and nationality
- Of minorities to protection (including the use of their own language).
- For food
- To work, rest and have a free time
- To join trade unions
- To get social security
- To health and a decent standard of living that ensures health and well-being
- To the protection of the family
- To education and participation in the cultural life of society
- To own property and get protection against its arbitrary alienation.
- Every child has the right to participate
- It is necessary to act, putting the child's interest first
- Discrimination is prohibited
- Every child has the right to life and development.
- Protection of human rights in military conflicts
- Women's rights and gender equality
- Of immigrants and refugees, foreigners and foreign workers
- Rights of prisoners and detainees
- Rights of the disabled
- Psychiatry and human rights
- Right to development
- To peace
- To a clean environment, protected from destruction
- To information about the environment
- To participate in environmental decision-making
- To access to justice in the field of the environment
- Right to good governance.
As you can see, there are many spheres of human rights that you can include in your essay. To make everything properly, it is very important to set the right working order and to fight procrastination. Split the big assignment into smaller parts and this will help you to plan the writing process. Smaller parts are easier to perform; besides you can select the part that you like the most to perform at the moment. If you feel any serious difficulties that you cannot cope with until the deadline, you should ask for the professional writing help.
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